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small, one-masted sailing vessel, with a rig similar to that of a sloopsloop,
fore-and-aft-rigged, single-masted sailing vessel with a single headsail jib. A sloop differs from a cutter in that it has a jibstay—a support leading from the bow to the masthead on which the jib is set.
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 except that it usually has a sliding bowsprit and a topmast. From 1800 to 1830 cutters were in service between England and France. They were also employed to pursue smugglers, their speed and easy handling fitting them admirably for the task. These revenue cutters were so well known that the name was applied to the revenue vessel even after steam had replaced sails, and vessels of the Coast Guard are still called cutters. The name is also used for a heavy rowboat carried on large ships.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a small boat or combat ship. Cutters range in length from 1.5 to 40 m and are up to 7 m in width, with displacements from a few dozen kilograms to 150 metric tons. Cruising speeds are from 3 to 70 knots (5.5– km/hr). The underwater body of a cutter may be of a keel type or a flat-bottom type with or without planing steps. Cutters may have displacement, hydroplane, or hover propulsion and may be powered by steam, internal combustion, or gas turbine engines or by sails and oars. Screw, airscrew, or water jet propellers may be employed.

In navies, cutters are used as combat ships, auxiliary vessels, and base floating facilities. Combat cutters of modern naviesinclude rocket, gun, and torpedo boats, antisubmarine vessels, minesweepers, patrol boats, and landing craft. Cutters areequipped with rockets, cannon, and torpedoes, depending ontheir function. Cutters employed as auxiliary vessels or basefloating facilities include tugboats and hydrographic, diving, am-bulance, rescue, and passenger boats. Passenger and rescue craftcan be part of the equipment of large warships and of auxiliarycommercial and industrial boats. In commerce, cutters are usedfor transporting passengers, carrying small cargoes, towing smallbarges, and fishing, as well as for scientific investigation, pilottransit, and patrol duty. In motorboating, racing and pleasureboats with stationary or removable motors are used. Cuttersequipped with sails and oars have ten to 14 oars, double masts, and a transom stern.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(engineering acoustics)
An electromagnetic or piezoelectric device that converts an electric input to a mechanical output, used to drive the stylus that cuts a wavy groove in the highly polished wax surface of a recording disk. Also known as cutting head; head; phonograph cutter; recording head.
(mechanical engineering)
(mining engineering)
An operator of a coal-cutting or rock-cutting machine, or a worker engaged in underholing by pick or drill.
A joint, usually a dip joint, running in the direction of working; usually in the plural.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cutter, rubber

A soft brick, sometimes used for facework because of the facility with which it can be cut or rubbed down.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. a sailing boat with its mast stepped further aft so as to have a larger foretriangle than that of a sloop
2. a ship's boat, powered by oars or sail, for carrying passengers or light cargo
3. a small lightly armed boat, as used in the enforcement of customs regulations
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The acquisition of MyPrivateBanking will further enhance Cutter Wealth's capabilities and library of research and benchmarking.
The cutter can be used with the full range of medical plastic tubing, including difficult-to-cut materials such as PS, PET, HIPS, and PC.
The PDC cutter stress mainly within 180[degrees] arc of PCD layer, and it is the cutting angle [theta], eat into strata depth [DELTA]h, WOB (Weight on Bit) and lithology of a relationship.
The shape of the cutter included standard shape, curve shape and cone shape design.
The rifling cutter box had to be rotated as it was drawn through the barrel's bore in order to cause the grooves to spiral around the circumference.
The cuttings, always present, on the bottom of !MD holes consistently eat away at the cutter gage and back of the arm causing premature weakening, fatigue and failures.
If you need help with a bolt cutter problem or with any Army tool problem, your best bet is to contact PM SKOT.
Mitchell Daniels Jr., R, appointed Cutter to the commissioner post in June 2009.
She leaves five children, Candy (Carolyn) Cares of Northboro, Jeffrey Cutter of Carver, Bradley Cutter of Elkton, Md., Christopher Cutter of Wellfleet and Daryl Cutter of Wellfleet; as well as eight grandchildren, eight great-grandchildren, nieces and nephews.
(HSC), Attica, IN, eliminated recurring cutter wrecksby switching to TM for the roughing operation on big cast steel mounting pads for bulldozers.
The Food Tools Strasbaugh cutter range starts with the entry model bench top wire blocker, through two-way mechanical cutters, and block cutters right up to in-line ultrasonic cutters.
The company covers a considerable percentage of the Indian market for its products, which includes paper cutting knives, metal shear knives, plastic cutting knives, corrugation (sheet cutter knives), paper mill knives, duplex knives, leather cutting knives, straw cutter knives, rag cutter knives, plannar knives, chipper knives, veneer knives, tobacco knives, knives for packaging and printing industry, knife grinding machines, and surface grinding.