cutting


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cutting,

in horticulture, part of a plant stem, leaf, or root cut off and used for producing a new plant. It is a convenient and inexpensive method of propagation, not possible for all plants but used generally for grapes; chrysanthemums; verbenas (stem cuttings); blackberries (root cuttings); African violets (leaf cuttings); and for many other plants. Cuttings, as soon as they are made, are usually placed in moist sand, frequently heated from below; if taken in the fall, as hardwood cuttings of trees or shrubs, they are kept in unheated sand over the winter and planted in the spring. The word cutting alone usually means stem cutting; slip is a common synonym. The general availability today of rooting hormones and misting devices has made possible the propagation by cuttings of many kinds of plants that had not previously responded favorably.

Bibliography

See G. W. Adriance and F. R. Brison, Propagation of Horticultural Plants (2d ed. 1955); H. Hartmann and D. E. Kester, Plant Propagation (5th ed. 1990).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cutting

 

a part of a plant used for vegetative propagation. Cuttings are obtained from high-quality plants. Plants grown from cuttings retain the properties and characteristics of the maternal plant. There are root, stem, and leaf cuttings. Under certain growing conditions, roots form on stem cuttings, buds on root cuttings, and both buds and roots on leaf cuttings. The ability of plants to propagate by cuttings depends on the species and varietal characteristics of the maternal plants as well as on external conditions, for example, temperature, humidity, and aeration.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cutting

[′kəd·iŋ]
(botany)
A piece of plant stem with one or more nodes, which, when placed under suitable conditions, will produce roots and shoots resulting in a complete plant.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cutting

A short piece of lumber resulting from crosscutting or ripping operations.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cutting

1. Horticulture
a. a method of vegetative propagation in which a part of a plant, such as a stem or leaf, is induced to form its own roots
b. a part separated for this purpose
2. Films the editing process by which a film is cut and made
3. Civil Engineering an excavation in a piece of high land for a road, railway, etc., enabling it to remain at approximately the same level
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Buyuksagis and Goktan concluded the sawing energy empirical formula of different natural stone on the base of the cutting experiment of diamond circular saw blades [8].
Bending of the waterjet and chamfers can be eliminated by reducing the cutting speed.
The harnessing of digital mediation to internet distribution enables "cuts across media" (140), experienced as medial effects, to be given extraordinarily widespread distribution across devices, representational platforms, and recording/editing/producing instruments, digital cuts articulating a much wider range of cutting agents, purposes, media, and cutwork.
Up to now, in Sindh province no work has been reported on the influence of sowing dates and cutting frequencies on the productivity of spinach.
Many patches can be cut from strips of fabric by rotary cutting. First, cut a strip of fabric the width needed.
Some people prefer cutting part way, stopping the cutting motion but not lifting the cutter, moving the left (right) hand up, then finishing the cut.
The analysis of variance for the three cutting intervals (20,25 and 30days) of the plant height revealed that, there were high significant (P[less than or equal to] 0.01) variances for the 5th and 7th cuts, significant (P[less than or equal to] 0.05) for the 6th and 9th cuts and non significant for the 3rd,4th and 8th cuts.
Semi-hardwood cuttings of jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) treated with 4000 mg L-1 IBA, were planted at fortnightly interval starting from 1st October to the end of March of next year under microclimatic conditions of polythene sheet tunnel during two consecutive years.
[8], and so on investigated the structure, load, and motion parameters of the cutting head itself.
Slats can be put under by washers so we can provide the stable cutting diameter.
Cutting steep angles, especially if they're compound (cuts with a bevel and an angle), requires one special step.