Cyanocarbon | Article about cyanocarbon by The Free Dictionary
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A derivative of hydrocarbon in which all of the hydrogen atoms are replaced by the CN group.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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The formation of the desired products 1-20 could be explained via the formation of the arylidene molecule than the Michael addition of malononitrile on the double bond of the arylidene moiety forming the intermediate which underwent cyclization by the nucleophilic attack of amine on the cyanocarbon
followed by aromatization to the final products 1-20 (Scheme 3).