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see primroseprimrose,
common name for the genus Primula of the Primulaceae, a family of low perennial herbs with species found on all continents, most frequently in north temperate regions.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of stemless perennial herbaceous plants of the family Primulaceae. The plants form a tuberous rhizome and a rosette of long-petioled, rounded-reniform leaves. The drooping flowers are solitary and on long pedicels; their coloration is white, pink, and red. There are more than 20 species (according to other data, about 55), distributed in the Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. The USSR has six or seven species, growing in the Crimea and the Caucasus. The plants grow in mountain forests and in shrubbery thickets.

Commonly cultivated are varieties and hybrids of the large-flowered C. persicum. One of the best houseplants, it blossoms from October through March. After flowering the leaves die off, and the plants become dormant. The plant begins to grow again at the end of May, at which time transplantation is necessary. Propagation is by seeds, which are sown in hothouses in July and August. Seedlings are transplanted several times, first into boxes and then into pots. With proper care (sufficient light, moderate temperatures, regular but not excessive watering) the plants are long-lived, sometimes living more than 20 years. C. europeum, which has small aromatic flowers, is also grown as a houseplant. C. coum and C. vernum are grown in the open ground.


Saakov, S. G. Tsiklamen. Moscow, 1959.
Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.
Iukhimchuk, D. F. Tsvety. Kiev, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


traditional symbol of timidity. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 400]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. any Old World plant of the primulaceous genus Cyclamen, having nodding white, pink, or red flowers, with reflexed petals
2. of a dark reddish-purple colour
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Buy 3 Cyclamen Hederifolium for PS8.99, or order 12 for only PS17.98 - Half Price.
The cyclamen was chosen for its rarity and beauty and the golden oak for its high ecological value as it protects the soil and forms the undergrowth of much of the local pine forests.
Cyclamen benefits from summers spent outside in a protected spot in the garden where it receives morning sun.
Other combinations include Ajuga "Black Scallop" - very dark almost black foliage planted with white mini cyclamen, or with the silver foliage of calocephalus.
Given the right conditions, cyclamens brought in to bloom for the holiday season will continue blossoming for two to three months.
Cyclamen are not difficult to keep as long as two guidelines are followed.
Summary: During the month of March, at every corner florist are pots of cyclamen, a small plant with delicate white, blush or deep pink flowers and dark green.
The strong trendy colours include black and red, violet and white, cyclamen and pink, black and light blue plus dark ruthenium red and black.
Supplement existing plants, such as the azaleas and ferns pictured, with an edging of white cyclamen. Tuck lamium or a similar variegated plant between the cyclamen to add a lacy skirt of frosty-looking greenery.