Cyclohexanol


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cyclohexanol

[¦sī·klō′hek·sə‚nȯl]
(organic chemistry)
C6H11OH An oily, colorless, hygroscopic liquid with a camphorlike odor and a boiling point of 160.9°C; used in soapmaking, insecticides, dry cleaning, plasticizers, and germicides. Also known as hexahydrophenol.

Cyclohexanol

 

an alicyclic alcohol having the structural formula

Cyclohexanol occurs as colorless crystals with a weak camphorlike odor. It has a melting point of 25.15°C, a boiling point of 161.1°C, and a density of 0.942 g/cm3 at 30°C. It is 4–5 percent soluble in water at 20°C and is miscible with most organic solvents. It dissolves many oils, waxes, and polymers.

Cyclohexanol forms all the derivatives that are characteristic of alcohols; these derivatives include alcoholates and esters. The catalytic oxidation of cyclohexanol with atmospheric oxygen produces cyclohexanone and, under more extreme conditions, adipic acid. Cyclohexanol is readily dehydrated to form cyclohexene, C6H10. Methods of producing cyclohexanol include the hydrogenation of phenol and the oxidation of cyclohexane, in the latter case usually in a mixture with cyclohexanone. Cyclohexanol is used as a solvent; it also serves as an intermediate in the production of caprolactam, the polymer of which is used in the production of polyamide fiber.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the presence of our catalyst, on carrying similar experiments by adding triphenylphospine, the peak intensity of the cyclohexanol in the GC analysis of the original product and the reduced sample remains unchanged.
In flight tunnel experiments, scientists showed that the wasps would fly toward tubes emitting cyclohexanol, TNT, vanilla and methyl jasmonate at rates of 0.
The report includes cyclohexanol description, covers its application areas and related patterns.
Autosampler vials for analysis on the gas chromatograph were prepared by adding 10 [micro]L of 30,000 ppm cyclohexanol to a 2-mL vial, then filling to 2 mL with the impinger sample or standard.
The question dealt with the molecular formula for cyclohexanol, which North Hollywood gave as C6 H12 O.
Venlafaxine, designated (R/S)-1[2-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl) ethyl] cyclohexanol, is a phenethylamine derivative that is chemically unrelated to tricyclic, tetracyclic, and other antidepressants.
Tramadol (TAM) is chemically [+ or -])cis-2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-1-(3-methoxyphenyl) cyclohexanol hydrochloride used as CNS depressant and analgesic, for treating moderate to severe pain.
2+]-DDC complex, 1-butanol is used because alcohols such as butanol and cyclohexanol do not dissolve the putty used for sealing the capillary.
toluene (TOL), acetonitrile (ACN), cyclohexanol, I-dodecanol, and DMSO, a number of porogen was tested to solve the problem of solubility.
We have had in use in our laboratory a GC/MS method for the measurement of methylmalonic acid (1VIMA) in plasma, based on solid phase anion-exchange extraction, derivatization with cyclohexanol, and separation with quantification using GC/MS (2).
He reported that the formation of cyclohexanol, cyclohexanone and carbon dioxide, which decreases f, is favored at 100[degrees]C, while at 50[degrees]C it is negligible.