block

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Related to cylinder blocks: Cement blocks

block

2. a casing housing one or more freely rotating pulleys
3. Pathol
a. interference in the normal physiological functioning of an organ or part
b. See heart block
c. See nerve block
4. Psychol a short interruption of perceptual or thought processes
5. Computing a group of words treated as a unit of data on a tape, disk, etc
6. Athletics short for starting block
7. Cricket a mark made near the popping crease by a batsman to indicate his position in relation to the wicket

Block

A large piece of stone, taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing and further working.

Block

 

in engineering:

(1) A unit of a mechanism in the form of a wheel with a groove around its circumference over which a cable or chain is drawn. It is used to change the direction of a tractive force and to obtain a force or velocity advantage; more rarely, to transfer a torque. Depending on their function, blocks are known as guide, balance, runner, and driving (for imparting rotary motion to a shaft) pulleys. In order to achieve a large force or velocity advantage, a lifting mechanism made up of a combination of blocks (a block and tackle) is used.

(2) A subassembly of a machine, consisting of several identical parts, such as a block of cylinders in an internal combustion engine or the spindle block in a multiple-spindle machine.

(3) A stone (concrete or ceramic) of large size (appreciably larger than a brick) used in the construction of buildings and for road surfacing.

N. IA. NIBERG

block

[bläk]
(computer science)
A group of information units (such as records, words, characters, or digits) that are transported or considered as a single unit by virtue of their being stored in successive storage locations; for example, a group of logical records constituting a physical record.
The section of a computer memory or storage device that stores such a group of information units. Also known as storage block.
To combine two or more information units into a single unit.
A contiguous group of text characters that is marked for moving, copying, saving, deletion, or some other word-processing operation.
(design engineering)
A metal or wood case enclosing one or more pulleys; has a hook with which it can be attached to an object.
(mining engineering)
A division of a mine, usually bounded by workings but sometimes by survey lines or other arbitrary limits.
In quarrying, a large portion of rock that is removed from the quarry as a solid mass for further processing at a mill.
(petroleum engineering)
The subdivision of a sea area for the licensing of oil and gas exploration and production rights.
(statistics)
In experimental design, a homogeneous aggregation of items under observation, such as a group of contiguous plots of land or all animals in a litter.

block

block, 6
1. A masonry unit; a concrete block.
2. (Brit.) A walling unit which exceeds in length, width, or height the dimensions specified for a brick.
3. A solid piece of wood or other material.
4. A plank or timber which serves as bridging between joists or the like.
5. In quarrying, the large piece of stone, generally squared, that is taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing, slabbing, and further working.
6. A mechanical

block

1. <unit> A unit of data or memory, often, but not exclusively, on a magnetic disk or magnetic tape.

Compare record, sector.

block

(1) A group of disk or tape records that is stored and transferred as a single unit. On a CD, a block consists of 98 frames of 33 bytes for a total of 3,234 bytes, or 1/75th of a second. See block level.

(2) A group of bits or bytes that is transmitted or processed as a single unit.

(3) A group of text characters that has been marked for moving, copying, saving or other operation.

(4) A rectangular group of pixels that are processed as a unit.

(5) A group of program statements that are treated as a unit based on the results of a comparison.
References in periodicals archive ?
The installation of the Mini-System 2000 will allow the CASKOD foundry to independently optimize its CGI production process in parallel with the ongoing development of other high-volume SinterCast-CGI cylinder block and head programs for Euro 4 on-road applications.
This development has intensified as the news spreads about production plans, especially Ford's decision in July to use CGI for the cylinder block of its new 2.
The Rolls Royce robot-based deburring system for cylinder blocks and heads is believed to be the first of its type in the UK capable of processing such a complex component with an intricate pattern of machine edges.
4 mm) from the cylinder bores, and the role the component has played in the company's succes as the majority suppler of its cylinder blocks for the NASCAR sector.
Following years of technical collaboration between Ford Motor Company and SinterCast on foundry process control, materials and machining issues, Ford has confirmed that the cylinder block of its new 2.
Truck manufacturers are currently developing CGI solutions for cylinder blocks, cylinder heads and cylinder liners.
GM's Defiance, Ohio, metalcasting facility, which received $59 million in the Ecotec investment, will receive another $115 million for the production of the new engine's engine cylinder blocks and crankshafts.
Several automotive manufacturers are focusing on Compacted Graphite Iron (CGI) for their next generation of cylinder blocks and heads.
has contracted metalcaster Cifunsa, Saltillo, Mexico, to produce compacted graphite iron (CGI) engine cylinder blocks for its new MaxxForce 7 diesel engines.
Our stations feature the latest technology for the precision machining of critical areas of cylinder blocks and heads on engines," said Gary Byron, president of Lamb Technicon Machining Systems.
Engine cylinder block and head metalcaster DCM Engineering, Punjab, India, announced it has produced and delivered an order of compacted graphite iron (CGI) engine cylinder blocks to one of its domestic customers.