Cynicism

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Cynicism

 

a nihilistic attitude toward the general culture, especially toward morality and the idea of human dignity and sometimes toward the official dogma of the prevailing ideology; it is expressed in the form of mockery.

Cynicism in behavior and beliefs is characteristic of people striving to achieve their egoistic goals by any means. On the social plane the phenomena of cynicism originate from two sources. First, there is the “cynicism of force,” which is practiced by the exploitative ruling groups who realize their power and self-seeking goals by openly immoral methods, including fascism and the cult of violence. Second, there are the rebellious moods and actions (for example, vandalism) of various social strata, groups, and individuals who are experiencing the oppression of injustice and inequality and the ideological and moral hypocrisy of the exploitative class, but who see no way out of their situation and thus find themselves in a state of total spiritual bankruptcy. Communist morality opposes cynicism in all of its manifestations.

Cynicism

See also Pessimism.
Antisthenes
(444–371 B. C.) Greek philosopher and founder of Cynic school. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 121]
Apemantus
churlish, sarcastic advisor of Timon. [Br. Lit.: Timon of Athens]
Backbite, Sir Benjamin
sarcastic would-be poet and wit. [Br. Lit.: School for Scandal]
Bierce, Ambrose
(1842–1914) acerbic journalist for San Francisco Examiner; nicknamed “Bitter Bierce.” [Am. Lit.: Hart, 77]
Diogenes
(412–323 B.C.) frustratedly looked everywhere for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Avery, 395]
Ferdinand
rogue drifter views all his experiences with profound cynicism. [Fr. Lit.: Journey to the End of the Night in Magill I, 453]
Lescaut
assured Geronte sister will succumb to his money. [Ital. Opera: Puccini, Manon Lescaut, Westerman, 346]
Pandarus
jaded about good graces of women. [Br. Lit.: Troilus and Cressida]
References in periodicals archive ?
It is probable that Britain and the USA have witnessed cynical populist politics at its ugliest.
The next decade will surely see a realignment of politics as cynical fringe politics will be expelled to the barren political hinterland of pointless debate and the fertile central ground will be inhabited by sensible political discussion.
However, Anthony Watson, former head of Barclays Plc's technology division in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa, said, 'I can tell you, it's the most cynical thing I've ever seen.
Hickman (2008) demonstrated that the effect of cynical attitudes in a police officer varies as a function of work environment.
The Neurology article also reported that cynical distrust has previously been linked to other health issues, including heart disease.
While researchers did not find an association between dementia and cynical distrust after adjusting for purely age and sex, they did find after also adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors that the most cynical people in the study had a 2.
Even love means nothing, Bobby's ex-girlfriend (Paula Patton) turning out to be not what she seems -- though it's partly Bobby's fault, for being such a cold cynical bastard.
I find the cynical antics deployed by the majority of players are disgusting, depressing, degrading and damaging to the image of the game.
OUR tired, cynical and jaded world needs to regain a child's sense of wonder, says the Archbishop of Wales in his Christmas message.
ITALY are no longer the cynical spoilers who used to kill matches and con referees, according to Gary Neville.
Peter Sloterdijk's Critique of Cynical Reason distinguishes between cynicism and kynicism: cynicism is the condition of "enlightened false consciousness" for the profiteering policy-making of rulers; kynicism is its complement among the ruled, a carnivalesque mode of criticism and ridicule that Slavoj Zizek describes as "more pragmatic than argumentative: it subverts the official proposition by confronting it with the situation of its enunciation; it proceeds ad hominem" (29), that is, attacking the speaker to expose his or her personal stake in said proposition.
London, Jan 12 ( ANI ): The effort to always appear cheerful and friendly with customers takes a toll on staff, as they start feeling emotionally exhausted and cynical, a new study has revealed.