cypress

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Cypress

(sī`prəs), city (1990 pop. 42,655), Orange co., S Calif. near Long Beach; inc. 1956. Forest Lawn–Cypress, a branch of the famous cemetery in Glendale, Calif., is a major employer, and there is light manufacturing. Los Alamitos Naval Air Station and the Los Alamitos Racetrack are nearby.

cypress,

common name for members of the Cupressaceae, a widely distributed family of coniferous shrubs and trees, several yielding valuable timber. The major genera are Juniperus (juniperjuniper,
any tree or shrub of the genus Juniperus, aromatic evergreens of the family Cupressaceae (cypress family), widely distributed over the north temperate zone. Many are valuable as a source of lumber and oil. The small fleshy cones are berrylike in appearance.
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), Thuja (arborvitaearborvitae
[Lat.,=tree of life], aromatic evergreen tree of the genus Thuja of the family Cupressaceae (cypress family), with scalelike leaves borne on flattened branchlets of a fanlike appearance and with very small cones.
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), and Cupressus (the true cypresses). Species of the latter, found in S Europe, East Asia, and W North America, are resinous evergreens with a fragrant, durable wood and scalelike leaves. The Monterey cypress (C. macrocarpa) is native to a limited region around the Bay of Monterey, Calif., but is cultivated in many parts of the world. It is sometimes planted as a hedge. The cypress of classical literature is the European C. sempervirens or Italian cypress. It has since early times been symbolic of mourning and, more recently, of immortality. The gates of St. Peter's at Rome, which stood for 1,100 years, were made of its wood. The funereal, or mourning, cypress (C. funebris) of China, with "weeping" branches, is a popular ornamental elsewhere. American trees of the genus Chamaecyparis of the same family are also called cypresses. Important as timber trees are the Lawson cypress, or Port Orford cedar (C. lawsoniana), and the Nootka, Sitka, or Alaska yellow cypress (C. nootkatensis), both of NW North America. C. thyoides, called white cedar in E North America, is a smaller tree also used for lumber. The lumber called cypress in the S United States is chiefly from trees of the family Taxodiaceae (bald cypressbald cypress,
common name for members of the Taxodiaceae, a small family of deciduous or evergreen conifers with needlelike or scalelike leaves and woody cones. Most species of the family are trees of East Asia; almost all are cultivated for ornament (and are often erroneously
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 family). The true cypress family is classified in the division PinophytaPinophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called gymnosperms. The gymnosperms, a group that includes the pine, have stems, roots and leaves, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Pinopsida, order Coniferales.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

cypress

A moderately strong, hard, and heavy softwood; its heartwood is naturally decay-resistant, and is used for exterior and interior construction where durability is required. See also: Wood
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cypress

 

(Cupressus), a genus of evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Cupressaceae. The leaves are crosswise-opposite, small, scale-like, and resinous-glandular; they are either ap-pressed or spreading, with a convex underside. The cones are sphere-shaped and woody. The scales are peltate, multifaceted, and appressed, with a short cusp in the center. The scales on mature cones (second season) are somewhat separated. The seeds are flat and have wings that are more or less developed.

Cypresses are used as ornamental trees to border avenues; they are also planted individually or as a forest. There are between 15 and 20 known species of cypress, distributed in the temperate zones of Europe, Asia, North Africa (the Sahara), and North America. Eleven species are cultivated in the USSR, in the Crimea, on the Black Sea shore of the Caucasus, and in some regions of Middle Asia.

The most frequently cultivated species is the Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), which reaches a height of 30 m and a thickness of 60 cm. It begins to bear fruit between the ages of four and six years. The Italian cypress is drought-resistant, grows rapidly, and lives up to 2,000 years (in the Crimea it usually lives less than 100 years as a result of root and stump rot). The light, soft wood is used in the manufacture of furniture and of small carved and turned articles.

Cypresses with columnar and, more rarely, horizontal (with diverging branches) habits of growth are most widespread. Cultivated species include the Monterey cypress (C. macrocarpa), the Bhutan cypress (C. torulosa), the Portuguese cypress (C. lusitanica), the Arizona cypress (C. arizonica), and the mourning cypress (C. funebris).

REFERENCES

Flora SSSR, vol. 1. Leningrad, 1934.
Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949.

T. G. LEONOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cypress

[′sī·prəs]
(botany)
The common name for members of the genus Cupressus and several related species in the order Pinales.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cypress

A moderately strong, hard, and heavy softwood of the US; its heartwood is naturally decay-resistant and is used for exterior and interior construction where durability is required.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cypress

symbol of mourning. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 402]
See: Grief

cypress

symbol of eternal life. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 402]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cypress

1. any coniferous tree of the N temperate genus Cupressus, having dark green scalelike leaves and rounded cones: family Cupressaceae
2. any of several similar and related trees, such as the widely cultivated Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (Lawson's cypress), of the western US
3. any of various other coniferous trees, esp the swamp cypress
4. the wood of any of these trees
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Below right: Hankins counts the rings of a MacNab cypress tree killed during the Camp Fire.
The park where the towering red cypress trees grow, as well as its adjacent mountainous area near Balin on the Northern Cross-Island Highway, was designated by the government as the Lala Mountain nature protection zone in 1986, according to a report on the Taoyuan Travel website.
The giant we encountered is an ancient bald cypress tree. This extraordinary tree, and many others like it, can be found at the Sky Lake Wildlife Management Area.
The crash occurred on a private property and uprooted several large Leyland Cypress trees. Big Trees Inc.
During the last years, considerable number of fungi and pathogenic insects on cypress in Hassan Abad region has been reported among which diplodia pinea could be pointed as die back agent, GondermaLuideaKaresta as root and trunk decay agent, Trametes Pubescenspilat that lives on cypress trees root and trunk as semiparasitic form and pestlotipsis funereal as die back agent cypress trees in the other parts of Mazandaran.
The Tuscan landscape is instantly recognisable with towering cypress trees, ancient hilltop towns and poppy filled meadows.
The diver scuba dived and found a forest of Cypress trees and told Raines about his find.
The plot, which includes towering cypress trees and a playground, was donated by the Jesuit order to the city in the 1960s to serve as a public park.
Is it a haunting or an exorcism, crows subtracting their shape from cypress trees crucified in brackish water?
Head of the Immatin council, Haitham Sowan said in a statement that Israeli army bulldozers razed and uprooted cypress trees at the entrance of the West Bank city of Qalqilya under the protection of the Israeli occupation soldiers .
Cypress trees draped in royal robes of Spanish moss are an iconic image of Florida bass fishing, but they guard their secrets well.
Adventure comes via nighttime hunting hours (dictated by law in Florida), trophies measuring up to 12-feet long and weighing 500 pounds and spooky cypress trees and Spanish moss-draped swamps practically screaming with nocturnal wildlife.