Cyprinidae

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Cyprinidae

[sī′prin·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The largest family of fishes, including minnows and carps in the order Cypriniformes.

Cyprinidae

 

a family of fishes of the order Cypriniformes. The body is scaleless or covered with cycloid scales. There are approximately 200 genera and more than 1,000 species. In the USSR there are more than 50 genera. Cyprinids are freshwater migratory fishes; they are found throughout the world, except for South America, Australia, and Madagascar. They are the most abundant fauna in the USSR, Southern Asia, and tropical Africa. In the USSR, cyprinids are found in the Amur River and in the basins of the Black, Azov, and Caspian seas. They dwell in cold rapid waters and also in very warm waters that are poorly oxygenated. Their eggs are usually deposited on vegetation. Some species lay eggs on sand and rocks; others simply deposit them in deep water. The Amur false gudgeon (Pseudogobio rivularis) and the Chinese chebachok (Pseudorasbora parva) guard their eggs.

Many cyprinids have commercial importance, such as the North Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus), the European bream (Abramis brama), and the carp (Cyprinus carpio). Some species, including the carp and the crucian carp (Carassius carassius) are raised and bred in ponds. The domesticated carp, grasscarp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), black carp (Mylopharyngo-don piceus), bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis), and the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) have been adapted to waters in the European USSR, Middle Asia, Rumania, Poland, Cuba, and the German Democratic Republic.

A. A. SVETOVIDOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The trade-off between steady and unsteady swimming performance in six cyprinids at two temperatures.
In addition, it was observed that, in this study for the first time otolith biometrics data from the Cyprinid fish, may be different both the male and female and pair of left and right otolith of the same fish.
Surveys conducted in 1999-2001 revealed seven additional fish species (six cyprinid, one poecillid) in southern California infected by the Asian tapeworm (Kuperman et al.
One of the interesting sidelights of the Reid study concerns the silver cyprinid fish widely consumed by Mwanzans.
To establish fish infection rate with opisthorchis metacercariae, cyprinid species were investigated.
This species belongs to cyprinid group, found in the streams of running water in hilly areas.
The lake has three important fish species: the cyprinid Barbus paludinosus, the (catfish) clariid, Clarias gariepinus, and the only endemic fish of the lake, a mouth breeding cichlid, Oreochromis shiranus chilwae, which supports over 5,000 small scale fishers on the lake landing in Zomba, Machinga, and Phalombe districts (GoM, 2011) [1].
Uptake and bioaccumulation of water-borne lead (Pb) in the fingerlings of a freshwater cyprinid, Catla catla L.
They are as small as 7 millimeters and took over as the "smallest living vertebrate" from a tiny Southeast Asian cyprinid fish, which claimed the record in 2006.
In many parts in the world, cyprinid fish species are important in aquaculture, representing 61% of world production in 2008 [1,2].