Pregnancy was more likely in transplant recipients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) due to cystic disease
(OR, 2.42) or glomerulonephritis (OR, 2.14) versus women with ESKD due to diabetes.
Major causes of ESRD were diabetes mellitus (DM) 46.92%, hypertension (HTN) 41.70%, chronic glomerulonephritis (GN) 3.81%, and cystic disease
2.84%, other causes were in 2.84% of studied population.
Adventitial cystic disease
(ACD) is a rare vascular disorder that mucinous cyst is developed within adventitia of artery or vein., Moreover, ACD primarily affects unilateral PA and predominantly occurs in young men with the fourth or fifth decade of life., Depending on the location and degree of the vessel affected, there are various symptoms including claudication, rest pain, burning sensation, paresthesias, or tingling sensation., So, symptoms of ACD in PA are usually claudications in young men.,, But, in our case, the patient was old woman complaining persisted swelling despite of anticoagulation for DVT of PV, and was diagnosed in ACD of PA.
But their roles in the disease pathogenesis are still unclear.3,9 In immunohistochemistry (IHC) low molecular weight keratin (LMWK), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), gross cystic disease
fluid protein 15 (GCDFP-15), CD15 (Leu MI) are positive, also myoepithelial cells in S100 and smooth muscle actin (SMA) are positive.4,10 Clinical differential diagnosis includes Bartholin's duct cyst or abscess, epidermal inclusion cyst, mucous cyst, fibroma, lipoma, leiomyoma, endometriosis, amelanotic melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma.1,3,4,11
Adrenal cystic disease
is a rare entity, accounting for 2.3% of all adrenal tumors, and most such patients show no symptoms and are instead incidentally detected by computed tomography (CT) [1-3].
Drongowski, "Congenital cystic disease
of the tracheobronchial tree in infants and children: experience with 44 consecutive cases," Archives of Surgery, vol.
(2) According to Truong and colleagues, (5) the degree of epithelial hyperplasia and atypia is vastly greater in acquired rather than hereditary cystic disease
. Acquired cystic disease-associated RCC has been found to be associated with cysts lined by foamy and eosinophilic cells rather than clear cells.
Our first and second case had no recurrence of cystic disease
on surveillance CT after two years of diagnosis.
It was confirmed as a cystic disease
by intraoperative echo (Figure 4(a)).
These definitions have helped categorize cystic lung disease broadly into "true cystic," "cavitary," and "cystic mimics." For the purpose of this discussion, we will include and study cavitary lung disease and cystic disease
mimickers under the broad umbrella of cystic lung disease.
Laparoscopic treatment of liver hydatid cystic disease
has gained ground despite initial exaggerated fear of complications such as anaphylaxis.
To the best of our knowledge, no previous report has described injection of OK-432 for malignant cystic disease
. We describethe injection method, injection dose, and postinjection course in the hope that this information will prove useful for future applications against malignant cystic disease