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Related to cystitis cystica: cystitis glandularis


cystitis (sĭstīˈtĭs), common acute or chronic inflammation of the urinary bladder. The disease occurs primarily in young women and frequently results from bacterial invasion of the urethra from the adjacent rectum, most commonly with normally occurring intestinal bacteria such as E. coli. It is also common in menopausal women; in them, the bacteria is transmitted from a vagina left more susceptible to bacterial overgrowth by changes in estrogen levels. In men cystitis rarely occurs without some other urinary tract disorder, such as kidney stones or, especially in older men, an enlarged prostate gland. Other predisposing factors are pregnancy, diabetes, and various systemic disorders.

Usual symptoms are frequent urination with burning pain, blood in the urine, and pain in the pubic area; chills and fever, back pain, and nausea may indicate kidney involvement. Treatment is with antibiotics and can also include the relief of any obstructions.

Interstitial cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder wall of unknown cause. It has the same symptoms as cystitis plus severe pelvic pain and frequency of urination (sometimes more than 60 times daily) that interferes with sleep, work, and daily life. No bacteria are present in the urine and it does not respond to antibiotics. It is diagnosed by the presence of lesions seen on the bladder wall during cystoscopy. Ninety percent of those affected are women. Diagnostic criteria were standardized only in 1988; it was often treated as a psychological disorder prior to that time. Treatment includes direct instillation of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) into the bladder for relief of pain and inflammation, tricyclic antidepressants for pain relief, and a low-acid diet.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the urinary bladder caused by infection. The condition may be chronic or acute; various types of cystitis (such as catarrhal and hemorrhagic cystitis) are distinguished, depending on the changes that take place locally. Acute cystitis frequently follows chilling, especially in women. Symptoms include pain in the lower abdomen and sacrum, frequent and painful urination, and passage of blood at the end of urination. The body temperature is usually normal. The urine is found to contain albumin, leukocytes, erythrocytes, and bacteria. Acute cystitis lasts between one and two weeks. In cases of longer duration, cystoscopy and other examination methods are used to determine the possible cause of chronic cystitis—for example, adenoma in the prostate gland, gallstones, or uterine disorders.

Treatment includes the elimination of spicy foods from the diet, copious intake of fluids (water, fruit juices, fruit punches, and broths), antibacterial agents (including antibiotics and sul-fanilamides), antispasmodics, analgesics, and the application of heat to the lower abdomen (by means of sitz baths or hot-water bottles). Chronic cystitis is also treated locally: for example, antiinflammatory agents may be introduced in the bladder, or the latter may be disinfected by means of lavage.


Gol’din, G. I. Tsistity. Moscow, 1960.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of a fluid-filled organ, especially the urinary bladder.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


inflammation of the urinary bladder
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparative multiphoton microscopy (MPM) and hematoxylin- eosin (H&E)-stained images of cystitis cystica et glandularis.
Cystitis cystica and recurrent urinary tract infections in children.
Positive feedback loop for cystitis cystica: the effect of recurrent urinary tract infection on the number of bladder wall mucosa nodules.
Differential Diagnoses of Bladder Benign and Malignant Lesions With Glandular Differentiation, Other Than Secondary Adenocarcinoma Cystitis glandularis and Benign glandular cystitis cystica differentiation and cystic dilation in the von Brunn nests without cytologic atypia or infiltrating patterns.
The prevalence and significance of Brunn's nests, cystitis cystica and squamous metaplasia in normal bladders.
Cystitis cystica in childhood: clinical findings and treatment procedures.
(3,21) Diagnostic criteria for urachal carcinoma include (1) tumor in the dome; (2) absence of cystitis cystica and cystitis glandularis; (3) predominant invasion of the muscularis or deeper tissues with a sharp demarcation between the tumor and surface bladder urothelium that is free of glandular or polypoid proliferation; (4) urachal remnants within the tumor; (5) extension into the bladder wall with involvement of the space of Retzius, anterior abdominal wall, or umbilicus; and (6) no evidence of a primary neoplasm elsewhere.
(16) The most critical feature in distinguishing this rare (less than 20 cases reported in literature), deceptively bland urothelial carcinoma from benign conditions like cystitis cystica and NA is the often dramatic variation in size and shape of epithelial formations and haphazard infiltrative growth pattern.
As such, it can also mimic the glandular neoplastic lesions discussed in the differential diagnosis of cystitis cystica and cystitis glandularis.