Cystography


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cystography

[si′stäg·rə·fē]
(medicine)
Radiography of the urinary bladder after the injection of a contrast medium.

Cystography

 

roentgenography of the bladder after the latter has been filled with a contrast medium, which either descends into the bladder from the kidneys (excretory urography) or is injected into the bladder through the urethra (ascending urography). The medium used in cystography may be one of various contrast substances (such as Sergosin and Urotrast) or—in pneumocystography—a gas (oxygen or carbon dioxide); or it may be a combination of a gas and a liquid contrast substance. Sometimes several photographs of the bladder are taken on a single film (polycystography). If a photograph shows deformations in the contour of the bladder or defective filling (that is, the absence of the contrast medium in certain sections of the bladder), this may indicate the presence of calculi or a diseased condition in the bladder walls (tuberculosis or tumor) or the prostate.

References in periodicals archive ?
Alternatively, the reflux may have been missed with the initial cystography.
If calculi are small (<3 mm), ultasonography or double-contrast cystography is superior to survey radiography for detection (Hostutler et al.
For VUR, a micturating cysto-urethrogram (MCUG) provides important anatomical information, while indirect cystography is a well-tolerated procedure which has a low radiation dose.
CT cystography is the method of choice for the evaluation of suspected bladder rupture.
Cystography performed at 8 weeks after surgery in rabbit repaired with homologous bladder extracellular matrix graft (BECM) showed bladder in normal size and configuration, without notable difference from native bladder (18).
Cystography is less sensitive than CT, but in our case cystography demonstrated the fistula.
They detail how to perform and interpret all types of procedures for each part of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, including the modified barium swallow, videoflouroscopic pharyngography, double and single-contrast esophagography and upper GI exams, small bowel follow throughs, enteroclysis, double and single-contrast barium enemas, evacuation proctography, and all types of postoperative GI studies, as well as retrograde urethrography, voiding cystography, and retrograde pyeloureterography.
She also talked about MRI in VVF, MR Fistulography and said that cystography is much better if done properly.
Characteristically, a dumbbell shaped bladder is seen on cystography.
After the initial 10-day treatment, antibiotic prophylaxis with co-trimoxazole or another antibiotic adapted to prevent bacterial resistance was continued for up to 1 month until voiding cystography (VCG) could be performed; prophylaxis was discontinued if the VCG findings were normal.
Conventional radiographs, double contrast cystography, pneumocystography, colonoscopy, urethroscopy (AL-ALI et al.
Only one case was diagnosed postoperatively via cystography after exploration of an enterocutaneous fistula.