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, czar
1. (until 1917) the emperor of Russia
2. Informal a public official charged with responsibility for dealing with a certain problem or issue
3. (formerly) any of several S Slavonic rulers, such as any of the princes of Serbia in the 14th century
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also, czar; from the latin caesar, the title used by the Roman emperors), in Russia and Bulgaria, the official title of the monarch. In Russia the title of tsar was first adopted by Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) in 1547. From 1721 the Russian tsars adopted the title of emperor. In Bulgaria the monarchs bore the title of tsar from the end of the 19th century to the proclamation of the People’s Republic in 1946.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tolentino also said his bill would allow the traffic czar to rationalize the use of road and transport routes efficiently by adjusting work and school hours.
Private roads, including those within villages and subdivisions, may also be opened to public use 'subject to security and limitations' that should be agreed upon between the czar, the relevant local government unit, and the affected residential association or be the subject of expropriation.'
The word "czar" can be used as an informal title to describe any high-level official appointed for his skills or reputation to run governmental departments or deal with certain issues or challenges as an adviser, director, administrator or diplomatic envoy.
Whereas the Bolshevik leaders tore down monuments to the czars, Putin has built massive monuments to Vladimir the Great in Moscow and others of Alexander III in Crimea.
As the nation faces an opioid crisis fueled by the mass production and marketing of addictive prescription drugs, some physicians fighting the epidemic view Marino's possible ascent to drug czar as a betrayal of rural communities ravaged by opioids - many of which voted overwhelmingly for Donald Trump.
The term "czar" has been bandied about enough by politicos that it has become accepted shorthand for an influential administration official involved in a central policy area.
The czars who ruled Finland emphasised benevolence, spirituality and conformity in their public speeches.
Czar Nicholas Alexandra (centre They were cellar in It was a cultural phenomenon encouraged in the late-18th century by Catherine the Great, and the rulers who came after her (including the Romanov dynasty) who saw the West as a civilising influence which could be used to dispel the abiding concept of Russia as a country of crude, ignorant and illiterate serfs and ice-bound winters.
They then define a czar as an executive branch official not confirmed by the Senate but possessing power to impose rules and regulations, oversee budgets, or coordinate executive policy responses.
The Bourgeois Pig is a popular caf/bar in Lawrence, Kan., where Pettus- Czar worked as a barista and bartender during his days at the University of Kansas, where he earned a bachelor's degree in art history.