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, czar
1. (until 1917) the emperor of Russia
2. Informal a public official charged with responsibility for dealing with a certain problem or issue
3. (formerly) any of several S Slavonic rulers, such as any of the princes of Serbia in the 14th century



(also, czar; from the latin caesar, the title used by the Roman emperors), in Russia and Bulgaria, the official title of the monarch. In Russia the title of tsar was first adopted by Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) in 1547. From 1721 the Russian tsars adopted the title of emperor. In Bulgaria the monarchs bore the title of tsar from the end of the 19th century to the proclamation of the People’s Republic in 1946.

References in periodicals archive ?
Perestroika divides, and in the conservative camp, judging by the outbursts of some supporters of Pamyat ("Memory'), there are people hankering after the good old days of czardom with its knout and its pogroms.
ANKARA, Apr 6, 2010 (TUR) -- "Russia at the Ottoman Palace" exhibition will bring diplomatic relations between the Ottoman Empire and Czardom Russia, covering almost 500 years, to daylight, Turkey's Culture & Tourism Ministry said on Tuesday.
The point remains that the contrarian, the maverick, the scholar suffering from acne rosacea (Karl Marx), or the bodegero (Andres Bonifacio) has dragged kings to guillotines, destroyed czardoms, and broken colonial empires.