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, czar
1. (until 1917) the emperor of Russia
2. Informal a public official charged with responsibility for dealing with a certain problem or issue
3. (formerly) any of several S Slavonic rulers, such as any of the princes of Serbia in the 14th century



(also, czar; from the latin caesar, the title used by the Roman emperors), in Russia and Bulgaria, the official title of the monarch. In Russia the title of tsar was first adopted by Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) in 1547. From 1721 the Russian tsars adopted the title of emperor. In Bulgaria the monarchs bore the title of tsar from the end of the 19th century to the proclamation of the People’s Republic in 1946.

References in periodicals archive ?
Such was the family to which this woman belonged, who gave such a tremendous blow to Czarism.
When I outlined his career to Luciani, the Temps correspondent, he observed sourly that Mirsky had pulled off the unusual feat of managing to be a parasite under three regimes--as a prince under Czarism, as a professor under Capitalism, and as an homme-de-lettres under Communism.
Try to picture Lenin saying, "If czarism works, I'll look at it.
Notwithstanding the promising initial reforms of President Mikheil Saakashvili, in general terms, the revolutionary eastern democracies have been characterized by eccentric forms of czarism, instability, war, and profligate spending on subsidies and pensions (in Ukraine) and on weapons and thuggish security services (in Georgia).