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dachshund(dăks`ho͝ond, –ənd, dăsh`–), breed of small, short-legged houndhound,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs bred to hunt animals. Most of the dogs in this group hunt by scent, their quarry ranging from such large game as bear or elk to small game and vermin; ground scenters trail slowly with the head low, and
..... Click the link for more information. developed in Germany over hundreds of years. It stands from 5 to 9 in. (13–23 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 5 to 20 lb (2–9 kg). There are six varieties of dachshund: the smooth-haired, with a short, glossy coat; the long-haired, with a soft and silky coat; the wire-haired, with a short, harsh coat; and miniatures of each of these types. The color may be black or chocolate marked with tan, or various shades of solid red. Originally bred to hunt badgers, the dachshund was later used on a wide variety of small ground game. The 12-lb (5-kg) miniature variety was perfected to hunt hares. Today the dachshund is raised primarily as a house pet. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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a breed of hunting dog used for hunting such animals as badgers, foxes, and raccoon dogs in their burrows. Dachshunds have long bodies, very short legs, tapering heads, and drooping ears; the tail is swordlike.
The dachshund has been known since antiquity—as early as 2000 B.C. in Egypt. The modern large-sized, medium-sized, and miniature breeds were developed in Europe, principally Germany, in the middle of the 18th century. In the USSR, large-sized dachshunds (16–27 cm tall at the shoulder) in three varieties are bred for hunting: smooth-coated, long-haired, and wire-haired. The coat may be reddish brown, brown, black, or dappled gray. Dachshunds are also bred in many countries as pets.