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inflammation of a lacrimal gland.
Dacryoadenitis rarely occurs. The acute form usually originates in infection; it is manifested by edema of the lacrimal gland, conjunctiva, and eyelids, pain in the eye, and sometimes exophthalmos and deviation of the eyeball downward and inward. It is treated by antibiotics and ultrahigh-frequency therapy. Chronic dacryoadenitis develops against a background of generalized illness (for example, tuberculosis or syphilis); enlargement of the lacrimal gland proceeds slowly and inflammatory phenomena are weakly expressed. Treatment aims at elimination or the primary disease.