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common name for members of the large family Pomacentridae, marine fishes of tropical waters. Common in the West Indies and along the Florida coasts are the sergeant-major, named for its vertical stripes, and the reef fish, found among coral reefs. The clownfish and blue devil are popular aquarium species. Males of this family guard the eggs zealously. Damselfishes rarely grow to more than 6 in. (15 cm) in length. Certain members of the family, known as anemonefishes, are found associated with sea anemones, which are injurious to the fishes' predators, and which afford protection to the anemonefishes. Damselfish are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Pomacentridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Demographic consequences of variable recruitment to coral reef fish populations: a congeneric comparison of two damselfishes.
Genetic divergence of Maldivian and Micronesian demes of the damselfishes Stegastes nigricans, Chrysiptera biocellata, C.
Miller and Lea (1972) listed two damselfishes (blacksmith, Chromis punctipinnis Cooper, 1863 and garibaldi) from California waters.
Two new species of damselfishes (Pomacentridae: Chromis) from Indonesia.
amboinensis (competitors for the nest site), other demersal damselfishes and juvenile P.
Results from examination of 29 species of coral reef fishes, including three damselfishes, indicate that the alternating translucent/opaque patterns in the otoliths of coral reef fishes represent annual growth patterns (7).
Damselfishes of the genus Pomacentrus Lacepede are common inhabitants of coral reefs throughout the Indo-west and central Pacific Ocean.
It is unusual among marine reef fishes and unique among damselfishes in that it lacks a dispersive planktonic larval stage (Robertson, 1973).
regional color morphs in the damselfishes Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster, Chromis opercularis, and Acanthochromis polyacanthus; Allen 1991, Doherty et al.
Planktonic duration, distribution and population structure of western and central Pacific damselfishes (Pomacentridae).
Some damselfishes prefer artificial substrates, and their use often increases reproductive success (7,8).