Provisions on the free flow of data, together with prohibition of data localization
and forced technology transfer, were included in so-called "21st-century trade agreements," like the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.
117) Moreover, data localization
is unlikely to limit the
There is, however, downside risk to this scenario owing to tense US-Russian relations , while political factors also present risks to vendors ; for instance , data localization
requirements and the government's increased strategic emphasis on achieving technological independence .
Relatedly, when government access to information turns on the physical location of servers, it increases pressure for data localization
The following sections will move to analyses of the major barriers to digital trade, including straightforward market access barriers, as well as such protectionist policies as data localization
, local content requirements, and discriminatory standards.
For the task itself, data localization
is not needed if the data are exactly local.
With adaptive data localization
, data is optimally allocated by the following three steps:
The main task of data localization
is to find localization of data in distributed database based on input data fragmentation.
In recent years we have seen nations rush to throw up digital walls with policies that include: data localization
laws that constrict cross-border data flows; content controls that limit access to information; and onerous technical standards that keep foreign competitors out of new markets.