data processing


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data processing

or

information processing,

operations (e.g., handling, merging, sorting, and computing) performed upon data in accordance with strictly defined procedures, such as recording and summarizing the financial transactions of a business. In automatic or electronic data processing the operations are performed by a computercomputer,
device capable of performing a series of arithmetic or logical operations. A computer is distinguished from a calculating machine, such as an electronic calculator, by being able to store a computer program (so that it can repeat its operations and make logical
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. In distributed data processing some or all of the operations are performed in different locations at computer facilities connected by telecommunications links.

data processing

[′dad·ə ′präs‚es·iŋ]
(computer science)
Any operation or combination of operations on data, including everything that happens to data from the time they are observed or collected to the time they are destroyed. Also known as information processing.

data processing

a. a sequence of operations performed on data, esp by a computer, in order to extract information, reorder files, etc.
b. (as modifier): a data-processing centre

data processing

(application)
The input, verification, organisation, storage, retrieval, transformation, and extraction of information from data. The term is normally associated with commercial applications such as stock control or payroll.

data processing

(1) The first name given to the information technology (IT) industry. From the early 1900s to the 1960s, it meant feeding punch cards into tabulating machines. Thereafter, data processing referred to computer processing, and eventually IT became the industry term. See punch card.

(2) Processing data/information, which includes text, images, audio and video. The term may refer to business processing (update this order, sum this amount, etc.) or to multimedia processing (encode these video frames, decode and play this audio file, etc.). See data, information, preprocessing and information processing cycle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Engineering, science, and data processing managers, especially those at higher levels, are often provided more fringe benefits than nonmangerial workers in their organizations.
Wilson visited the site to see Multiterm in action and, after reviewing product literature and speaking with BlueLine representatives, made a purchasing recommendation to the head of his data processing department.
Many customers submit standard jobs for routine processing using computer programs supplied by the data processing service organization.
Multinational companies would most likely install data processing facilities at major central sites.
Target: Ion Geophysical, Denver land seismic data processing operation
The Board previously has determined by regulation that extending credit, engaging in activities related to extending credit, and leasing; and that providing financial and investment advisory, agency transactional, and data processing services are closely related to banking and permissible for bank holding companies under section 4(c)(8) of the BHC Act.
A ministry official attributed the quicker cargo clearance to the introduction of improved data processing systems, such as the Nippon Automated Cargo Clearance System, at most domestic customs offices.
Technology is changing so rapidly, we were finding that data processing decisions were being made without considering their full tax ramifications.
Some of the technologies clients use include electronic data interchange (EDI)--in which traditional documents such as purchase orders and invoices no longer exist-electronic imaging systems and distributed data processing such as client server Computing.
91-59, relating to the basic record retention requirements under section 6001 of the Internal Revenue Code where all or part of a taxpayer's accounting or financial records are maintained within an automatic data processing (ADP) system.
"There are more specialists and generalists in the industry than ever before," says Diane Davis, president of Black Data Processing Associates (BDPA) in Detroit
Top level systems analysts and programmers were usually the highest paid workers in the computer and data processing services industries, according to a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey conducted in October 1982.

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