persimmon(redirected from date plum)
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Related to date plum: Diospyros lotus
ebony, common name for members of the Ebenaceae, a family of trees and shrubs widely distributed in warmer climates and in the tropics. The principal genus, Diospyros, includes both ebony and persimmon trees. Ebony wood, valued from ancient times, is hard and dark; it is extensively used for piano keys and in cabinetmaking, especially the black Macassar ebony of India and the East Indies. Several species (notably D. hirsuta) that have wood striped with black or with shades of brown are called calamander wood or variegated ebony. Several other unrelated hardwoods are commonly called ebony. Of the many species in the family bearing edible fruit, the best known are the persimmons. D. virginiana is native in the United States E of the Mississippi. The Japanese persimmon (D. kaki) is cultivated in Japan and China, in the Mediterranean area, and in the warmer regions of the United States. The unripe fruit contains tannic acid, a powerful astringent. Soft and pulpy when ripe, persimmons are difficult to market. Large quantities are eaten on the tree by opossums, whence the name possumwood for the tree. Persimmon wood has a limited use in the manufacture of objects (e.g., golf club heads) requiring hard wood. The ebony family is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, order Ebenales, class Magnoliopsida.
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This healthy fruit can be eaten like an apple. Very easy to grow, never has insects, fruits never gets wormy and is very prolific. This is a nocare plant. You can get a tremendous crop of persimmons from one plant. Grows all over from tropics to up north. Eat them fresh, make smoothies, add to salads etc. One of the most popular fruit in China and Japan. Wait till the fruit turns a bright orange and becomes soft to an almost pudding consistency. You can eat it fresh like an apple, dry it, , puree it, freeze it for winter time. Adding cinnamon or nutmeg makes it taste like pumpkin pie. Grows to 50 ft tree. Flowers greenish yellow. Fruits round like plums. Plant is quite astringent, so its good for stopping heavy menses and other bleeding problems. Inner bark tea used for stomach and bowel problems, cancer. Fruit is astringent, used for constipation, gastro-intestinal irritation, dysentery, chronic diarrhea, ulcers and problems of the bowel, rectum and stomach, helps stop bleeding. Persimmon leaf tea is anti-hypertensive, anticarcinogenic, and anti-mutagenic properties, anti-hemorrhagic (stops bleeding), good for hemorrhoids, strengthens weak blood vessels such as spider veins or varicose veins. Used for allergies, hay fever, dermatitis. Compounds in leaves bind to excess fat and help remove fat from the body.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
1. any of several tropical trees of the genus Diospyros, typically having hard wood and large orange-red fruit: family Ebenaceae
2. the sweet fruit of any of these trees, which is edible when completely ripe
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005