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name for a palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
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 (Phoenix dactylifera) and for its edible fruit. Probably native to Arabia and North Africa, it has from earliest times been a principal food in many desert and tropical regions. For some 4,000 years it has been grown near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It is cultivated in many other warm regions, including parts of the SW United States and Mexico.

The trees sometimes reach a height of 100 ft (30.5 m) and yield fruit for generations. Staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers are borne on separate trees, and pollination of those grown commercially is usually done by hand. Seedless dates may be produced without pollination but they are inferior. Heavy, pendant clusters of the sweet, nutritious fruits are produced; the yield after maturity (10 to 15 years) is usually from 100 to 200 lb (45–90 kg) or more per tree annually. Each fruit is 1 to 3 in. (2.54–7.6 cm) long, reddish brown or yellowish brown, and somewhat cylindrical or oblong. When ripe, the bunches of fruit are cut intact from the palm and matured in a warm place.

In the Old World, a sugar and a fermented drink are made from the sap of the date palm and other species of Phoenix, and the seeds are sometimes roasted and used as a coffee substitute or pressed for oil, leaving a residue useful for stock feed. The wood of the trunk is often used in construction and the leaves are used for weaving mats and baskets.

Dates are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.



the fruit of the date palm. Dates are eaten fresh or dried and are used to make various dishes. They are a major food in the Arabic countries, where no fewer than 100 dishes are made from them. They contain 62–71 percent sugar, 1–2.5 percent protein, and 2.5 percent fat. Depending on the variety of date palm, the fruits dry out slightly or remain soft.


(convention, data)
A string unique to a time duration of 24 hours between 2 successive midnights defined by the local time zone. The specific representation of a date will depend on which calendar convention is in force; e.g., Gregorian, Islamic, Japanese, Chinese, Hebrew etc. as well as local ordering conventions such as UK: day/month/year, US: month/day/year.

Inputting and outputting dates on computers is greatly complicated by these localisation issues which is why they tend to operate on dates internally in some unified form such as seconds past midnight at the start of the first of January 1970.

Many software and hardware representations of dates allow only two digits for the year, leading to the year 2000 problem.

Unix manual page: date(1), ctime(3).
References in periodicals archive ?
She has also been charged with cruelty to four other children, dating back to 2011.
The antiques found in the area also included a jar dating back 5,000 years.
According to Beliktay, "The masks, dating back to the Roman period, were brought to Mardin by means of theater actors who went to different places to perform plays.
Inundated sites include a Sassanid (224-642 CE) city where human habitation dates back to the Achaemenid era (550-334 BCE), a unique fire temple, an Achaemenid royal house and graves dating back to the early Islamic era.
Our excavation teams have discovered an important site in a Sumerian position, dating back to the Dawn of the Ancient Strains - Third Century BC, south of Nassiriya city," Hussein told Aswat al-Iraq news agency, adding that "the site, carrying the name 'Umm al-Aqarib (Mother of Scorpions) consists of a worshipping position, housing units and about 600 archaeological antiques, that were handed over to the Iraqi Museum.
The other invaluable pieces at the exhibition include an Indian gem set and enamelled gold pen case dating back to the 19th century with an estimated price around Au250,000, an important Safavid silk brocade mantle from 17th century with an estimated price of Au150,000 and a fine Arabian Saif with gold hilt and mounted scabbard dating back to the 19th century and with an estimated price of Au20,000.
They have also found a stone-made bridge dating back to the Roman era.
The index showed a close link with the mean Central England Temperature - a record of average temperatures across the middle of England dating back to 1659 - for February to April, with each 1C rise correlating to first flowering dates occurring five days earlier.
The treasures, dating back to the Pharaonic and pre-historic eras, will be exhibited at a new antiquities museum in Qena.
Castle Arcade, dating back to 1887, runs from the Castle to High Street and houses boutiques, cafes and delicatessens.
TWO metal detectorists have unearthed "priceless" artefacts dating back centuries, an inquest in Welshpool heard yesterday.
In November 2008, three silver pennies dating back to the reign of Edward I found in a field near Holywell were declared to be treasure trove.