dative


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Related to dative: dative bond

dative

(dā`tĭv) [Lat.,=giving], in Latin grammar, the casecase,
in language, one of the several possible forms of a given noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates its grammatical function (see inflection); in inflected languages it is usually indicated by a series of suffixes attached to a stem, as in Latin amicus,
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 typically used to refer to an indirect object, i.e., a secondary recipient of an action. For example, him in I gave him a book is translated in Latin by a dative case. The Latin dative also has other uses; and the cases called dative in other languages correspond in their grammatical function only in part to that of the Latin. The residual dative case in English was treated in the early work of Noam ChomskyChomsky, Noam
, 1928–, educator and linguist, b. Philadelphia. Chomsky, who has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955, developed a theory of transformational (sometimes called generative or transformational-generative) grammar that revolutionized
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
ka'ddoks [right arrow] ka'ddoks (genitive singular ka'd, not *kaddo plus translative-comitative -ks; the translative-comitative exponent may here be analysed ka'dd- k [right arrow] ka'ddon dative singular.
In a nutshell, in (11b) the dative DP Marii ('[Maria.sub.DAT]') is dubbed as subject, while the nominative DP kwiaty ('[flowers.sub.NOM]') is dubbed as object in a similar way as the nominative strakarnir ('the boys') in Icelandic.
If so, it somewhat mirrors the use of dative marking on O arguments in some languages to encode increased referentiality, as in Spanish and Hindi.
VERB, PREP, Nominative COUNT, Genitive COUNT, Dative COUNT, Accusative COUNT, Instrumental COUNT, Locative COUNT.
The rest of the article is structured as follows: the next section presents dative constructions in the three languages involved in the present study; section 3 summarizes the most relevant findings in the literature with regard to the acquisition of DOCs in English.
These referents are affected by the action of some more concrete or more abstract entity belonging to the personal sphere of the dative complement.
In Tsez, Khwarshi and Bezhta usages typically associated with the Dative (e.g., experiencer, beneficiary, recipient) case are covered by the Lative.
Turning to inflectional morphology, the use of cases is in decline as compared to standard Polish, especially dative, locative and male-personal (MP) plural; first- and third-person present tense verbs are often conflated (e.g.
But substitutionary atonement need not be taken that way: the dative in "he died for us" is open to redemptive inflection.