Finally, it is important to note that some verbs of this class, the so-called dative
, accept a prepositional phrase that can be considered Beneficiary of the action and, therefore, can be replaced by the oblique pronoun lhe 'him/her/them':
Possible pathways of development of verbal pairs points of phonological morphological conflict wendan & ge-or 0 gewendan pyncan & , [e], [y] pinche/penche; pencan puht(e)/poht(e) laeran & [ae], [e], [a] leorne/lerne/ leornian lame (ge)witan & [i], [i:] ge-or 0 (ge)witan blissian & [i], [e] blisse/blesse bletsian (for)beodan & [-e-], [-i-] for- or 0 biddan forbidde points of syntactic semantic conflict wendan & + accusative or to turn' gewendan + dative
pyncan & impersonal' or to think'?
The sample illustrates both situations when splitting of FE (Locative rows) and merging of FE (genitive and dative
rows) are needed.
This means that for Dolgan, the encoding of secondary predicates switched from dative
to instrumental sometime in the 20th century.
The rest of the article is structured as follows: the next section presents dative
constructions in the three languages involved in the present study; section 3 summarizes the most relevant findings in the literature with regard to the acquisition of DOCs in English.
It is from the age of 3 years and 5 months onwards that Juan already makes use of the dative
clitic "me" ([me.
At this level, the LCM explores the ways in which lexical predicates, which are lower-level configurations, are built into (higher-level) argument-structure constructions, such as the caused-motion, resultative, ditransitive, and dative
constructions (Goldberg 1995: 2006).
This position is characterized as the uniform multiple meaning approach by Rappaport Hovav & Levin (RH&L 2008, henceforth), according to which the dative
verbs that participate in the alternation are commonly said to have two meanings, caused motion and caused possession, as shown in (3 a) and (3b), respectively, each represented as having a complex event structure.
These referents are affected by the action of some more concrete or more abstract entity belonging to the personal sphere of the dative
The relationship between dative
and locative: Kurylowicz's argument from a typological perspective.
Turning to inflectional morphology, the use of cases is in decline as compared to standard Polish, especially dative
, locative and male-personal (MP) plural; first- and third-person present tense verbs are often conflated (e.
But substitutionary atonement need not be taken that way: the dative
in "he died for us" is open to redemptive inflection.