dative

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dative

(dā`tĭv) [Lat.,=giving], in Latin grammar, the casecase,
in language, one of the several possible forms of a given noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates its grammatical function (see inflection); in inflected languages it is usually indicated by a series of suffixes attached to a stem, as in Latin amicus,
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 typically used to refer to an indirect object, i.e., a secondary recipient of an action. For example, him in I gave him a book is translated in Latin by a dative case. The Latin dative also has other uses; and the cases called dative in other languages correspond in their grammatical function only in part to that of the Latin. The residual dative case in English was treated in the early work of Noam ChomskyChomsky, Noam
, 1928–, educator and linguist, b. Philadelphia. Chomsky, who has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955, developed a theory of transformational (sometimes called generative or transformational-generative) grammar that revolutionized
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.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The distinction between the essential and the accidental can display itself only to a dative who is able to receive it, just as the "middle" in a situation calling for action can display itself, by distinguishing itself from the excess and defect, only to an agent and a dative who has the virtue required by the situation.(1) The per se and the per accidens belong to the being of things, but they also display themselves, and the display calls for an appropriate audience.
c) inanimate datives strongly favor PPs when occurring with ofrecer to denote metaphors; (37)
We have adopted here the following working definition of terms: direct arguments are those arguments of the verb that are unmarked or marked by nominative, accusative, ergative, absolutive or dative case.
However, opposing results have been found regarding the stage of onset of passives since Simon starts producing to/for- datives and passives simultaneously, in contrast to Simon, who starts uttering DOCs and passives concurrently.
From a syntactic point of view it has been questioned whether datives in Basque are postpositional structures or determiner phrases (DPs) (Fernandez & Ortiz de Urbina, 2010).
-ike- 'see', tog- 'hear', -eq'i- 'know', -asi- 'find', -eti- 'want') [case frame: dative, absolutive]
Old English Masculine Weak Noun Paradigm singular plural nominative nama naman accusative naman naman genitive naman namena dative naman namum The result of the history is much syncretism--only four distinct forms.
For example, a nominative NP, a locative NP, a dative NP and an accusative NP may all depend on a verb to follow.
To analyze the datives in (9)-(11) as indirect objects is even less acceptable, because the object is the entitity to which energy is transferred in the action chain, not the entity from which energy emanates (compare Dao mi je novce 'He gave me the money', where the dative mi ('me') is indirect object in the dative).
(10) On locative datives in general see KG 1.441-3.
When no misunderstanding would arise in the case of inflected Latin and Old English datives, we would expect one-to-one renderings; but, because Old English endings in dative and accusative singular are no longer fully transparent Old English forms are sometimes strengthened by a preposition, e.g.