de Kruif, Paul

de Kruif, Paul

de Kruif, Paul (də krīf), 1890–1971, American author, b. Zeeland, Mich., grad. Univ. of Michigan (B.S., 1912). He was bacteriologist at the university from 1912 to 1917. Among his books are Microbe Hunters (1926), The Fight for Life (1938), and Hunger Fighters (1939).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

De Kruif, Paul


Born Mar. 2, 1890, in Zeeland, Mich.; died Feb. 28, 1971 in Holland, Mich. American author.

De Kruif was one of the founders of popular scientific literature. His works include Our Medicine Men (1922), Microbe Hunters (1926; Russian translation, 1928), Hunger Fighters (1928; Russian translation, 1937), Men Against Death (1932; Russian translation, 1936), Fight for Life (1938; Russian translation, 1941), and Man Against Insanity (1957; Russian translation, 1960). In the book Why Keep Them Alive? (1936; Russian translation, 1937), he states that the cause of many diseases is the inhumane attitude of capitalist society. A sympathizer of the Soviet Union in the 1930’s and 1940’s, De Kruif wrote about Lenin and attacked fascism. In his autobiographical work The Sweeping Wind (1962) he recounts his life story.


The Male Hormone. New York, 1945.
Life Among the Doctors. New York, 1949.


Zalkind, S. Ia. “Ob iskusstve khudozhestvennoi nauchnopopuliarnoi knigi.” Kniga i proletarskaia revoliutsiia, 1938, nos. 10–11.
Rokotov, T. “Pol’ de Kraif i ego poslednie knigi.” Internatsional’naia literatura, 1941, nos. 9–10.
Gilenson, B. “Memuary Polia de Kriui.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1963, no. 6.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.