Vigny, Alfred Victor, comte de

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Vigny, Alfred Victor, comte de

(älfrĕd` vĕktôr` kôNt də vēnyē`), 1797–1863, French poet, novelist, and dramatist. One of the foremost romantics, Vigny expressed a philosophy of stoical pessimism, stressing the lonely struggle of the individual in a hostile universe. Though physically weak, he was sent to military school and became an officer in 1814, resigning in 1827. His best-known poems are found in Poèmes antiques et modernes (1826), containing "Éloa" and his famous "Moïse," and in Destinées (1864). His prose works include the novels Cinq-Mars (1826, tr. The Spider and the Fly, 1925), Stello (1832), Servitude et grandeur militaires (1835, tr. The Military Necessity, 1953), and Chatterton (1835, tr. 1908), a play. A selection of his own notes comprises Journal d'un poète (1867). Unlike other romantics of his period, he did not emphasize personal emotion; instead he presented his ideas through general symbols with dramatic force. His reputation, temporarily dimmed by that of Hugo and Lamartine, was revived by the time of Baudelaire.


See studies by J. Doolittle (1967) and A. Whitridge (1933, repr. 1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
You have to scan the vistas of the past if you are searching for a future, wrote French poet Alfred de Vigny.
Asi, Alfred de Vigny menciona, en varias ocasiones, la fuerza del silencio de los amantes, y Victor Hugo considera que el silencio es constitutivo de la relacion amorosa.
Eliot, Rob Donn, Edith Sitwell, Stephen Spender, Chateaubriand, Corneille, de Vigny, Maritain, Merimee, Racine, Villon, Bakunin, Chekov, Dostoevsky, Gogol, Gorky, Koestler, Pushkin, Toller, Cervantes, Dickens, Charles Reade, Franz von Rintelen, Shol Lesage, Swedenborg, Flaubert, Tolstoy and Turgenev.
Herculano apontava bons exemplos disso: Walter Scott, Victor Hugo, Alfred de Vigny (note-se que este ultimo tinha bem a nocao de que a historia nao penetrava na intimidade do humano).
La muerte cierra igualmente la "Primera diferencia" de Corredoira con las citas de uno de los dramas romanticos franceses mas significativo, Chatterton, de Alfred de Vigny, basado en la vida de Thomas Chatterton, y con el erravimus in via veritatis del libro de los Sapienciales.
Dans le poeme d'Alfred de Vigny Paris le signe du je ne sais quoi devient l'embleme du present parisien et de la beaute moderne, fait le commentaire Karlheinz Stierle (384-385, 431).
In its earliest formation, studied here through (among others) Chateaubriand, Mme de Stael, Edouard Alletz, Alfred de Vigny, and Victor Hugo, the figure of the poetic genius opened up the question of how a genius might express the inmost being or ingenium of a collective while remaining alien to, or unassimilable with, that collective; genius is the term used to describe how the artist gives back to a collective an image of itself that it cannot recognize.
Avant Toussaint Louverture aucun personnage d'origine africaine n'a une dimension tragique sur scene, a part en 1829 Le More de Venise, pour lequel Alfred de Vigny avait la caution de Shakespeare; d'ailleurs Joanny, qui tenait le role d'Othello sur la scene de la Comedie-Francaise, portait un maquillage tout au plus bronze" (xxv).
El Cinq-Mars es una opera de Gounod, muy libremente basada en la novela de Alfred de Vigny, el padrino de Holmes; su estreno fue en 1877, en la Opera-Comique.
31) et pouvait parler avec aisance de Montaigne, Rabelais, Pascal, Descartes, Moliere, Musset, de Vigny, Kafka, Hopkins, Shakespeare, Baudelaire, etc.
Silence can be very dignified, and very effective too, as French 19th-century poet, Alfred de Vigny, pointed out in his poem "La Mort du Lap" (the death of a wolf).
His anxiety was heightened by an acute need for literary recognition, especially because his generation colleagues were already famous--Victor Hugo, Alfred de Vigny, Alfred de Musset, Charles Nodier, Alexandre Dumas or Honore de Balzac.