de-differentiation

de-differentiation

  1. any process in which previously more complex and variegated social arrangements are replaced by less complex patterns, e.g. the reduction of political pluralism under TOTALITARIANISM.
  2. (a specifically postmodernist concept referring to) ‘the collapse of the Modernist order of things’. Modernity is seen as dividing the social and natural world into pure, harmonized categories, defined and governed by reason. So private life was divided from public life, youth from old age, work from leisure, etc. Postmodernists believe that this Modernist order was always a myth and that this myth has now disintegrated. De-differentiation points to the unsustainability of rational order. It emphasizes the messiness, contrariness, ambiguity and incoherence of social life.
References in periodicals archive ?
By studying these systems, we will uncover much more information on how stem cells contribute to regeneration, the issue of de-differentiation that is a common theme in these organs and the effect this might have on the origin of cancer.
Exact origin of melanoma in GCTs is unknown but these may occur from transformation of dermal elements or de-differentiation of germ cells to melanomas.
10] suggest that one possible explanation could be the occurrence of de-differentiation.
GBM frequently arises de novo, but may develop from diffuse or anaplastic astrocytomas that undergo de-differentiation.
However, no experiments published have directly demonstrated this de-differentiation process, so Li and his research team remained skeptical.
Stem cell scientists in China have used a technique known as de-differentiation to re-engineer cells to a more primitive state that increases cell survival rates and offers greater potential for clinical use.
The unit prevents de-differentiation of adult cardiomyocytes, encourages pre-commitment of stem cells toward certain muscle phenotypes and is suited for cardiac tissue engineering.
In particular, he discusses the definition and classification of cancer, cellular carcinogenesis as a monoclonal multi-step threshold phenomenon, the five types of genetic and molecular changes leading to cancer, causes of cancer, cellular changes associating malignant transformation or de-differentiation, tumor recurrence and metastasis, tumor markers, natural inhibitors of the multi-stage carcinogenesis, and biochemical bases of current anti-cancer treatments.
Having learnt some lessons from SCNT (cloning), we need to be very cautious in generating stem cells by directed differentiation (IPS) or de-differentiation for cell therapy to treat diseases.
Perhaps the biggest factor is the expansion of the knowledge economy itself, which has profoundly altered social relationships between individuals and also at the macro-level, resulting in a de-differentiation of roles and making subjectivities such as the consumer-citizen more readily available.
It is one thing to point out that "deconstruction" is quite as interested in de-differentiation as in its converse, but to suggest that Caliban (prosopopoeia) is always already proven to have been behind Ariel (psyche) might be more than the tradition, granted its tempest and its tears, normally would want to put up with.
If germ cells can be derived from patients' own adult cells using de-differentiation followed by germ cell differentiation, this adds an important strategy available to treat infertility.