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see orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the third rank of ministers in the Orthodox Church.

In the period of early Christianity deacons were persons chosen to direct the economic affairs of the community. Later, with the appearance of bishops, they became intermediaries between the latter and the flock, as well as assistants in the administration of the eparchy. In the second half of the 20th century, they represent the lowest rank of the ecclesiastical hierarchy (after the higher clergy and priests). Within the group itself there are protodeacons (senior deacons), hierodeacons (deacons who are monks), and arch-deacons (in the service of bishops or higher clergy).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. (in the Roman Catholic and other episcopal churches) an ordained minister ranking immediately below a priest
2. (in Protestant churches) a lay official appointed or elected to assist the minister, esp in secular affairs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


Direct English Access and CONtrol. English-like query system. Sammet 1969, p.668.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The video uploaded by a user who said he had a memory of being groped by a deacon in a church but was not sure of it, yet he has found a short clip recently and it documented the moment.
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Deacon, 34, of the 35600 block of North Greenleaf Avenue, pleaded not guilty to four counts of criminal sexual assault and four counts of aggravated criminal sexual abuse of a child.
And every time, I could not help but wonder, is this what it is going to be like if women do become deacons? Will every woman deacon have to promise that she will never suggest that women should be priests?
Examining Augustine's view of deacons as assistants to bishops in the early church, Koet discusses the origin of the word diakonos: classical and biblical backgrounds; the diaconate in the ancient church: the origin of the term deacon; Augustine, his ecclesiastical career, and his view on ministries; the deacon as messenger; the deacon as evangelist and preacher; and Augustine and the holy deacons of the early church.
Nicholas Deacon, 51, took advantage of the woman to have sex without her consent as she slept.
Deacon's Dreams: Bucky (David Alford) returns to offer Deacon (Charles Esten) a chance to headline his own tour, but the crooner is already looking for excuses to back out.
WORLD Class Wade Deacon High School has been named the best school in Halton by our Real Schools Guide 2018.
Here is where the problem lies: In many parts of the early church, women and men were ordained as deacons. Gradually a hierarchy (deacon then priest then bishop) developed, although for many years bishops were chosen from among the deacons as well as from among priests.
FORMER Labour health minister Susan Deacon has been named as the new boss of Scotland's police watchdog.