Usual and customary debriefers
were faculty within their respective campuses, trained in simulation and familiar with debriefing.
Once the coaches' interviews were completed the researcher and peer debriefer
followed the interpretational qualitative data analysis guidelines set by Tesch (1990) and Cote et al.
Again, the same peer debriefer
reviewed and validated the decisions made in this final round of analysis and integration.
Moreover, the spoken word - prompted by a skilled debriefer
- is a more efficient way of conveying the abstract and complex nature of such elements as the nuances of corporate culture, management style, and the often obscure issues surrounding decision-making within groups.
Feedback and insights with regard to data collection procedures, coding development, formation of conceptual linkages, alternate interpretations, overall representation of the data, and conducting a focus group interview were obtained from the peer debriefer
. Third, transcripts were member checked.
A peer debriefer
who reviewed and asked questions and an external auditor who reviewed the entire project were both employed to provide an objective assessment of this study.
Clark is a graduate of the Source Operations Course, the Defense Strategic Debriefer
In addition, a peer debriefer
was invited to review and ask questions, and an external auditor was employed to review the entire project.
HUMINT collectors often seek training opportunities at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, such as the Source Operations course, Defense Strategic Debriefer
's course, and the Joint HUMINT Analyst Targeting course.
Subsequently, the researchers met to compare their analyses and discuss the findings, using the uninvolved team member as a peer debriefer
for verification (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).
This process included (a) detailed description in the data collection and analysis, (b) a reflexive journal which included detailed aspects of the logistics of the study, including decisions made during the study, their rationale, and (c) the involvement of three separate individuals including a peer debriefer
, a reliability checker, and an auditor to form the basis of increasing truth value and transferability of the data (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).
He earned an Associate of Applied Science Degree in Intelligence Operations in 2009, and is a graduate of various HUMINT schools, to include Source Operations Course, Defense Strategic Debriefer
Course, and Operational Management (G/J2X) Course.