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in literature, name loosely applied to those 19th-century, fin-de-siècle European authors who sought inspiration, both in their lives and in their writings, in aestheticism and in all the more or less morbid and macabre expressions of human emotion. In reaction to the naturalism of the European realists, the decadents espoused that art should exist for its own sake, independent of moral and social concerns. The epithet was first applied in the 1880s to a group of self-conscious and flamboyant French poets, who in 1886 published the journal Le Décadent. The decadents venerated Baudelaire and the French symbolistssymbolists,
in literature, a school originating in France toward the end of the 19th cent. in reaction to the naturalism and realism of the period. Designed to convey impressions by suggestion rather than by direct statement, symbolism found its first expression in poetry but
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, the group with whom they are often mistakenly identified. In England the decadent movement was represented in the 1890s by Oscar Wilde, Walter Pater, Ernest Dowson, and Aubrey Beardsley and the writers of the Yellow Book. J. K. Huysmans's À rebours (1884) and Wilde's Picture of Dorian Gray (1891) present vivid fictionalized portraits of the 19th-century decadent—his restlessness, his spiritual confusion, and his moral inversion.


See A. E. Carter, The Idea of Decadence in French Literature (1958); M. Rheims, The Flowering of Art Nouveau (1966); J. Pierrot, The Decadent Imagination, 1880–1900 (tr. 1981).

References in periodicals archive ?
It was during this time that she developed Big Al's Decadent Chocolate Cake.
"These two decadent innovations feature a combination of rich, new flavors and a blend of creamy chocolate that make them the perfect summer treat for chocolate lovers everywhere."
Inspired by jaw-dropping looks sported by my favourite style icons - Sonam Kapoor, Lisa Haydon, Neha Dhupia and Masaba Gupta, each Magnum look captures the fun, flirty and yet decadent elements of these lovely women.
They didn't live up to the description of "decadent bites of creamy brownie ganache, etc." Not that memorable, but we rarely pass up the chance to eat chocolate.
Decadent Vapours paid PS300,000 for the 6,675 sq ft property which was originally built by the Welsh Development Agency in the early 1990s and later occupied by Trojan Electronics.
Jason David Hall and Alex Murray's edited collection, Decadent Poetics: Literature and Form at the British Fin de Siecle (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) exemplifies how this renewed attention to form is prompting scholars to rediscover neglected or long-disparaged tracts of Swinburne's oeuvre.
Once it's set, either slice the shortbread or smash it up and use as a delicious and decadent cupcake topper.
We pride ourselves in using only the finest ingredients and creating the most decadent flavour combinations, she concludes.
However, I will demonstrate how Machado's use of ekphrasis and his particular poetic rendering of the paintings that feature women link him to the Decadent aesthetic that scholars often attribute to Machado's earlier work.
“Our guests can show their love with a decadent dinner and a night of enticing food, drinks and desserts.”
Ravel the Decadent: Memory, Sublimation, and Desire.
A decadent range of sumptuous Christmas cakes has been launched by Exquisite Handmade Cakes to offer to their festive clientele over this winter season.