decapod


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decapod

(dĕk`əpŏd') (Gr.,=10 feet), name for invertebrate animals of the crustaceancrustacean
, primarily aquatic arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea. Most of the 44,000 crustacean species are marine, but there are many freshwater forms. The few groups that inhabit terrestrial areas have not been particularly successful in an evolutionary sense; most require
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 order Decapoda (phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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) including the crabs, the lobsters and crayfish, and the true shrimps, all having five pairs of legs. The name Decapoda was also formerly applied to a very different group of animals, a cephalopodcephalopod
, member of the class Cephalopoda, the most highly organized group of mollusks (phylum Mollusca), and including the squids, octopuses, cuttlefish, and nautiluses. The class as a whole has become adapted for a free-swimming existence.
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 order including the cuttlefish and squids, characterized by two long and eight short tentacles. The cuttlefish are now classified in the order Sepioidea and the squids in the order Teuthoidea of the class Cephalopoda in the phylum MolluscaMollusca
, taxonomic name for the one of the largest phyla of invertebrate animals (Arthropoda is the largest) comprising more than 50,000 living mollusk species and about 35,000 fossil species dating back to the Cambrian period.
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decapod

1. any crustacean of the mostly marine order Decapoda, having five pairs of walking limbs: includes the crabs, lobsters, shrimps, prawns, and crayfish
2. any cephalopod mollusc of the order Decapoda, having a ring of eight short tentacles and two longer ones: includes the squids and cuttlefish
3. (of any other animal) having ten limbs
References in periodicals archive ?
Pinheiro & Hebling (1998) observed that the reproductive period of freshwater decapod crustaceans is associated with the rainy season, thermal variations and photoperiod in the region.
Photosensitivity in the sixth abdominal ganglion of decapod crustaceans: a comparative study.
Perhaps the most widely used method of assessing decapod nutritional condition, a hemolymph serum protein assay, requires only an inexpensive re-fractometer and a small sample of hemolymph, but the measurement is strongly influenced by molt stage and likely requires species-specific calibration and validation (Musgrove 2001, Oliver & MacDiarmid 2001, Behringer & Butler 2006, Lorenzon et al.
hydroids, polychaetes and barnacles) on decapods may also benefit from resuspended debris (Williams & Moyse, 1988) or the diet of the host (Bowers, 1968; Abello et al.
Decapod prey consumed by gray triggerfish were often smaller crab species or crustaceans in larval stages (i.
There have not been reports for Colombia of crabs inhabiting bromeliads, despite the high diversity of decapods in Colombia (CAMPOS, 2005; CAMPOS et al.
Crustacean decapods may reduce epibionts by mechanically removing the settlers during grooming or moulting.
Comparative species richness in fluctuating and constant environments: coral-associated decapod crustaceans.