decarboxylate

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decarboxylate

[‚dē·kär′bäk·sə‚lāt]
(organic chemistry)
To remove the carboxyl radical, especially from amino acids and protein.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prior to entering the cycle, the 3 carbon pyruvate is decarboxylated to give a 2-carbon acetate fragment.
When flakes of softwood are exposed to heat during the press cycle, and at temperatures as low as 90 [degrees]C, losses in lignin, holocellulose, and acetyls combined with a general degradation of the hemicellulose to various sugars results in a complex mixture of acids generally described as decarboxylated rosin acids (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary 2002, Kolin and Dannon 1998).
It did not hydrolyse arginine though ornithine was decarboxylated.
In this GABA shout, the glutamate is then decarboxylated by GAD in a reaction that consumes a cytosolic proton and yields GABA (this has been implicated as a mechanism by which the pH of the cytoplasm may be raised as a result of proton influx due to stress) (Carroll et al.
The oxaloacetate is subsequently converted to malate, which diffuses into the BSC, where it is decarboxylated to form C[O.
CAM plants take up carbon dioxide at night and store it as malic acid that is decarboxylated the following day; the carbon dioxide released is then fixed using the [C.
The algal fatty acid product is catalytically decarboxylated and converted into paraffinic hydrocarbons (alkanes), followed by mild hydrocracking and hydroisomerization to make biojet fuel comprised of C10-C15 branched paraffins.
CNSL extracted by hot-oil is called technical CNSL, where the anacardic acid is decarboxylated into cardanol, which is the main constituent of technical CNSL [13].
DOPA is decarboxylated to dopamine by L-aromatic amino acid decarboxylase.
4-Vinylsyringol, a decarboxylated sinapic acid, is also termed as canolol.
Pyruvate is then enzymatically decarboxylated to form acetaldehyde.