decathlon

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decathlon

(dĭkăth`lŏn), in modern Olympic gamesOlympic games,
premier athletic meeting of ancient Greece, and, in modern times, series of international sports contests. The Olympics of Ancient Greece

Although records cannot verify games earlier than 776 B.C.
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, a contest for men held over two days and composed of 10 track-and-field events. It consists of the long jump; the high jump; the discus throw; the shot putt; the javelin throw; the 100-, 400-, and 1,500-meter races; the 110-meter hurdle race; and the pole vault. The decathlon became an Olympic event in 1912. The winner is popularly regarded as the "world's greatest athlete"; noted among these are the Americans Jim Thorpe, Bob Mathias, and Bruce Jenner and the British Daley Thompson. The ancient pentathlonpentathlon
, composite athletic event. In ancient Greece it comprised leaping, foot racing, wrestling, discus throwing, and casting the javelin. The modern pentathlon, an Olympic games contest for men since 1912, comprises a cross-country horseback ride, a cross-country run, a
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, a five-event contest, resembled the modern decathlon.

The heptathlon is the equivalent modern event for women, consisting of seven track-and-field events. Begun as an Olympic pentathlon in 1964, it was expanded in 1984 and now includes the long jump; the high jump; the shot put; the javelin throw; the 200- and 800-meter races; and the 100-meter hurdles. Like the decathlon, the heptathlon is held over two days. Jackie Joyner-Kersee, who dominated the heptathlon during the 1990s, is the best-known athlete in the event's relatively short history.

Decathlon

 

a classic track-and-field event for men, consisting of ten track-and-field events. Competition in the decathlon lasts two days: the first day consists of the 100 m dash, the broad jump, the shot put, the high jump, and the 400 m dash; the second day consists of the 110 m hurdles, the discus throw, the pole vault, the javelin throw, and the 1,500 m run. The winner is determined by the sum of points earned in all ten events; the number of points awarded in each area of the program is determined by a special table.

In 1970, W. Toomey of the United States set a world record of 8,417 points on the basis of the 1962 scoring system: 100 m dash, 10.3 sec (986 points); long jump, 7.76 m (972). shot put, 14.38 m (751); high jump, 193 cm (796); 400 m dash, 47.1 sec (943); 110 m hurdles, 14.3 sec (926); the discus throw, 46.49 m (809); pole vault 427 cm (876); javelin throw, 65.74 m (830); and 1,500 m run, 4 min 39.4 sec (528). In 1958-59 the Soviet athlete V. Kuznetsov held the world record in the decathlon.

The Olympic Games first included the decathlon in 1912, and since then it has been a standard event in all important track-and-field meets.

IU. K. KOLESOV

decathlon

an athletic contest for men in which each athlete competes in ten different events
References in periodicals archive ?
Britain's leading decathletes this year John Lane (pb 7,922pts) and Liam Ramsey (pb 7,857pts) will also be aiming to achieve the standard.
BRITISH decathletes Ed Dunford and Martin Brockman will be among a slew of world class athletes descending on Hexham this weekend as they battle to book a last-minute place at the Olympics.
I've never seen a better group of decathletes than the group this year," Ker said.
Thompson is regarded as one of the world's greatest decathletes for his two Olympic Gold medals
Gold Medal Decathlete Bryan Clay and New York-Based Artist Natalie Frank Debuted Exclusive BEYOND REASON Installation at SoHo Oakley Store
1984: British decathlete Daley Thompson set a new world record of 8,847 points to retain his Olympic title in Los Angeles.
After the opening day of the Pac-12 multi-event championship meet, Oregon decathlete Dakotah Keys is in contention for his third straight conference title.
Macey is a former decathlete who won Commonwealth gold and World Championship silver before injury cut short his career.
Speaking to roger and fellow British decathlete tom reynolds, Camilla said: "You guys look very fit" as she gestured towards their muscles.
If I was in their position, I probably would literally stick the Marigolds on and get over there and do the business" Retired decathlete Dean Macey on the Delhi Commonwealth Games "The material of 'alternative' comics is based on things in the bottom half of their trousers" Entertainer Ken Dodd, below "My whole career depends on my ability to mince" Camp entertainer Julian Clary who says he has suffered from a painful hip condition since his 2004 appearance on Strictly Come Dancing "I can't believe it.
A recent scan showed the injury had not healed and the screw holding his scaphoid bone in place is too long, but the multi-talented former decathlete is determined to still challenge for medals.
And the double Olympic gold-winning decathlete also took part in yesterday's event along with 276 cyclists.