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(dĭkăth`lŏn), in modern Olympic gamesOlympic games,
premier athletic meeting of ancient Greece, and, in modern times, series of international sports contests. The Olympics of Ancient Greece

Although records cannot verify games earlier than 776 B.C.
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, a contest for men held over two days and composed of 10 track-and-field events. It consists of the long jump; the high jump; the discus throw; the shot putt; the javelin throw; the 100-, 400-, and 1,500-meter races; the 110-meter hurdle race; and the pole vault. The decathlon became an Olympic event in 1912. The winner is popularly regarded as the "world's greatest athlete"; noted among these are the Americans Jim Thorpe, Bob Mathias, and Bruce Jenner and the British Daley Thompson. The ancient pentathlonpentathlon
, composite athletic event. In ancient Greece it comprised leaping, foot racing, wrestling, discus throwing, and casting the javelin. The modern pentathlon, an Olympic games contest for men since 1912, comprises a cross-country horseback ride, a cross-country run, a
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, a five-event contest, resembled the modern decathlon.

The heptathlon is the equivalent modern event for women, consisting of seven track-and-field events. Begun as an Olympic pentathlon in 1964, it was expanded in 1984 and now includes the long jump; the high jump; the shot put; the javelin throw; the 200- and 800-meter races; and the 100-meter hurdles. Like the decathlon, the heptathlon is held over two days. Jackie Joyner-Kersee, who dominated the heptathlon during the 1990s, is the best-known athlete in the event's relatively short history.



a classic track-and-field event for men, consisting of ten track-and-field events. Competition in the decathlon lasts two days: the first day consists of the 100 m dash, the broad jump, the shot put, the high jump, and the 400 m dash; the second day consists of the 110 m hurdles, the discus throw, the pole vault, the javelin throw, and the 1,500 m run. The winner is determined by the sum of points earned in all ten events; the number of points awarded in each area of the program is determined by a special table.

In 1970, W. Toomey of the United States set a world record of 8,417 points on the basis of the 1962 scoring system: 100 m dash, 10.3 sec (986 points); long jump, 7.76 m (972). shot put, 14.38 m (751); high jump, 193 cm (796); 400 m dash, 47.1 sec (943); 110 m hurdles, 14.3 sec (926); the discus throw, 46.49 m (809); pole vault 427 cm (876); javelin throw, 65.74 m (830); and 1,500 m run, 4 min 39.4 sec (528). In 1958-59 the Soviet athlete V. Kuznetsov held the world record in the decathlon.

The Olympic Games first included the decathlon in 1912, and since then it has been a standard event in all important track-and-field meets.



an athletic contest for men in which each athlete competes in ten different events
References in periodicals archive ?
The Solar Decathlon a unique opportunity to generate incentives among Latin Americans and Caribbean students to use their skills to design buildings that are energy efficient and self-sufficient, contributing to the national and regional sustainable growth.
This is one in a series of profiles on prominent Academic Decathlon teams in the San Fernando Valley and surrounding communities.
Academic Decathlon, the national competition is the largest academic contest of its kind in the United States.
They also will participate in the Super Quiz, the highlight of academic decathlon competitions.
The Super Quiz was marred by the decathlon officials' suspicion that El Camino team member Dennis Kuo's ``nervous twitches'' were hand signals to help teammates onstage.
Academic Decathlon sells, team members also had to do their own research, attempting to remember such things as the fact that Freud's daughter, Anna, was born in 1895.
The first time Anderson competed in a decathlon, a few weeks ago during a meet on the Cal State Northridge field where he trains, he surpassed the Olympic Trials qualifying standard.
In the final week before the event that could qualify them for the state competition, the nine decathlon team students have been studying almost around the clock.
Another decathlon will have to wait until next summer.
Lynch, coaching his 12th Canyon High decathlon team, has hopes for this year's squad even though it's one person short.
Despite the grueling study regimen required of Academic Decathlon teams, Brown said he wanted to return for another shot at the county title because he'd like to see Canyon High become as well-known for its smart students as for its unbeaten football teams of the 1980s.
Riding a sugar buzz and a caffeine high, fighting sleep deprivation, information overload and a rash of colds, the seven boys and two girls on Canyon High School's academic decathlon team will face high school squads including perennial county champions Beverly Hills and West Torrance during the all-day competition, hosted by El Rancho High School in Pico Rivera.