Deceit

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Deceit

Aimwell
pretends to be titled to wed into wealth. [Br. Lit.: The Beaux’ Stratagem]
Ananias
lies about amount of money received for land. [N.T.: Acts 5:1–6]
Ananias Club
all its members are liars. [Am. Lit.: Worth, 10]
angel of light
false apostles are like Satan in masquerade. [N.T.: II Corinthians 11:14]
Apaturia
epithet of Athena, meaning ‘deceitful.’ [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 36]
apples of Sodom
outwardly sound fruit; inwardly rotten. [Class. Myth.: Jobes, 114]
Arbaces
priest who frames Glaucus. [Br. Lit.: The Last Days of Pompeii, Magill I, 490–492]
Archimago
uses sorcery to deceive people. [Br. Lit.: Faerie Queene]
Arnolphe
plans marriage to ward; maintains guardianship under alias. [Fr. Lit.: L’Ecole des Femmes]
bilberry
symbol for falsehood. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 172]
Brunhild
outdone in athletic competition by Gunther with invisible assistance. [Ger. Myth.: Nibelungenlied]
Buttermilk, Little Johnny
fools witch by substituting china for self in sack. [Br. Fairy Tale: Macleod, 21–24]
Camilla, Mrs.
practises deception on Pip. [Br. Lit.: Great Expectations]
clematis
symbol of deception. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 347; Flora Symbolica, 173]
Conchis
for his psychological experiments he baits subjects with apparently seducible young women. [Br. Lit.: John Fowles The Magus in Weiss, 279]
dogbane
symbol for deceit. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 458]
Hlestakov, Ivan Alexandrovich
dissimulating gentleman hoodwinks town dignitaries as tsar’s inspector. [Russ. Lit.: The Inspector General]
hocus-pocus
magician’s parody of Hoc Est Corpus Domini. [Western Folklore: Espy, 76]
Jingle, Alfred
pretends to be a person of influence and elopes with an old maid for her money. [Br. Lit.: Dickens Pickwick Papers]
Judas goat
decoy for luring animals to slaughter. [Western Folklore: Espy, 80]
Latch, William
Esther’s betrayer; seduces her on marriage pretense. [Br. Lit.: Esther Waters, Magill I, 254–256]
Mak
Falstaffian figure; categorically maintains his innocence. [Br. Lit.: The Second Shepherds’ Play]
Malengin
personification of craftiness. [Br. Lit.: Faerie Queene]
mask
a disguise; hence, symbol of deception. [Art: Hall, 204]
Mme. St. Pé
feigns paralysis for seventeen years to keep her husband away from the woman he loves. [Fr. Drama: Jean Anouilh The Waltz of the Toreadors in On Stage, 383]
Moncrieff, Algernon, and Jack Worthing
both assume fictitious name “Ernest” in wooing belles. [Br. Lit.: The Importance of Being Earnest]
Montoni, Signor
marries Emily’s aunt to secure her property. [Br. Lit.: The Mysteries of Udolpho, Magill I, 635–638]
nightshade
poisonous flower; symbol of falsehood. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 176]
Nimue
cajoles Merlin to reveal secret of power. [Arth. Romance: History of Prince Arthur, Brewer Handbook, 756]
Nixon, Richard
(1913–) 37th U.S. president (1969–1974); nicknamed “Tricky Dicky.” [Am. Hist.: Kane, 523]
Pinocchio
wooden nose lengthens when he lies. [Ital. Lit.: Pinocchio]
Sinon
convinced Trojans to accept wooden horse. [Rom. Lit.: Aeneid]
Trojan Horse
hollow horse concealed soldiers, enabling them to enter and capture Troy. [Gk. Myth.: Iliad]
white flytrap
lures insects with sweet odor. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 178]
winter cherry
inedible fruit symbolizes falsehood. [Plant Symbolism: Jobes, 319]
References in classic literature ?
This will, moreover, afford a reason why the wiser man, as is often seen, is the bubble of the weaker, and why many simple and innocent characters are so generally misunderstood and misrepresented; but what is most material, this will account for the deceit which Sophia put on her politic aunt.
He revolved a thousand plans by which he should be enabled to prolong the deceit until it might be no longer necessary, and secretly to take his daughter with him when he departed.
Then, worn out by deceit, treasons, infidelity, and the whole body of terrestrial misery, what does he find at the end of his career?
And already, ye higher men--let me tickle you with this complimentary and flattering name, as he himself doeth--already doth mine evil spirit of deceit and magic attack me, my melancholy devil,
Mine to vindicate through all risks and all sacrifices--through the hopeless struggle against Rank and Power, through the long fight with armed deceit and fortified Success, through the waste of my reputation, through the loss of my friends, through the hazard of my life.