# decision calculus

## decision calculus

[di′sizh·ən ′kal·kyə·ləs]
(systems engineering)
A guide to the process of decision-making, often outlined in the following steps: analysis of the decision area to discover applicable elements; location or creation of criteria for evaluation; appraisal of the known information pertinent to the applicable elements and correction for bias; isolation of the unknown factors; weighting of the pertinent elements, known and unknown, as to relative importance; and projection of the relative impacts on the objective, and synthesis into a course of action.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
If his hypothesis proves true, those motivational changes could alter the decision calculus for any US or other policy makers hoping to interact with Russia democratically.
Senators uncomfortable with voting to confirm him could factor public opinion into their decision calculus. And if they do, voting against Kavanaugh would not be inconsistent with public preferences, in contrast to what was the case for Thomas in 1991.
Selva said deterring war is an exercise in influencing China's decision calculus, making diplomacy preferable to conflict and managing crises in such a manner that they do not unintentionally escalate.
"We know that consumers are first attracted by style and design--it is the first touch-point in the decision calculus," Williams said.
approach to tailored deterrence is flawed because of its reliance on two erroneous assumptions: that the Nation can reliably assess an adversary's decision calculus, and that it can decisively influence an adversary's choices.
It's part of the daily decision calculus, both in the U.S.
* Tailoring to specific actors and specific situations: Some believe the primary contribution of the tailored deterrence concept is that the differentiation among deterrees would emphasize the need to understand each potential adversary's decision calculus. As one analyst put it, tailored deterrence is "context specific and culturally sensitive." (2)
However, beyond all the matrixes and decision calculus, serious students of political science, international relations, national security, and military strategy will find this work of great value.
Some watersheds may also need additional land use-changes that might alter the decision calculus. Of course, there are other types of simple land-use changes that also need to be considered (wetlands for tile outflow, or fencing out livestock).
Glazer offers an approach based on "decision calculus," which involves asking questions until an approximate value is determined.
A major contribution of the study is its careful empirical reconstruction of the often complex and multidimensional decision calculus of weaker initiators, providing thereby a highly differentiated context for the evaluation of national security policies.
He argues that moral obligations toward others are not simply a single element in the decision calculus. He suggests, rather, that the moral obligations sometimes overwhelm egoistic considerations in the decision calculus--they become moral imperatives.
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