decision problem


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decision problem

(theory)
A problem with a yes/no answer. Determining whether some potential solution to a question is actually a solution or not. E.g. "Is 43669" a prime number?". This is in contrast to a "search problem" which must find a solution from scratch, e.g. "What is the millionth prime number?".

See decidability.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inside the framework phase, the structures and elements of the decision problem are defined.
But it is more difficult to pinpoint how the data results would reduce risk or improve organizational performance in essential planning, organizing, directing and controlling operations--i.e., identifying the specific business decision problem, the root issue, and how the data visualization investment would help.
Several organizational decision problem solving situations are critical and recurring in nature.
The PROMETHEE methods are a family of outranking methods [19]: PROMETHEE I (partial ranking); PROMETHEE II (complete ranking); PROMETHEE III (ranking based on intervals); PROMETHEE IV (continuous case); PROMETHEE V (including segmentation constraints); and PROMETHEE VI (evaluating the degree of hardness of a multicriteria decision problem with respect to the weights given to the criteria, i.e., for human brain representation).
Literature [17] introduced the ant colony algorithm to the intelligent decision problem and improved the speed of convergence.
The paper is structured as follows: Section 2 analyses the travel strategy approach in unreliable transit networks and the related routes, while Section 3 considers the search for an optimal travel strategy as a solution to a Markov decision problem. Section 4 presents the proposed behavioural assumption framework and finally Section 5 reports some concluding remarks and future research perspectives.
Step 1: AHP decomposes a complex decision problem into several sub-problems forming a hierarchy.
The book also mentions that 'the best place to start thinking about a decision problem is with values.'
A decision problem X = ([I.sub.x], [[theta].sub.x]) is solvable in polynomial time and in uniform way by a family [PI] = {[PI](n) | n [member of] N} of recognizer timed tissue P systems, if the following holds:
For the single attribute decision problem, the alternative schemes that are ordered had a complete order (Lan et al., 2015).
We study the decision problem of the optimal choice between home equity release products from a retired homeowner's perspective in the presence of longevity, long-term care, house price, and interest rate risk.
Hence, the choice of the MCDM method is based, firstly, on the structure of decision problem considered, secondly, on the types of data that can be obtained, and, finally, on the capability to get accurate results.