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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the art of rhetorically delivering poetry or prose.

In ancient Rome, declamation, or exercise in elocution, was an important element of rhetoric. In France, declamation was the art of delivering speeches and poems on the stage. In the classical theater of the 17th and 18th centuries the concept of declamation encompassed the entire range of methods, including gesture and mimicry, that an actor could use in playing his role. Classicism canonized the solemnly elevated, melodious, and conventional manner of dramatic speech that met the norms of court taste.

The development of romantic and realistic tendencies in the theater of the late 18th and early 19th century led to the decline of classical declamation. Romanticism proclaimed the freedom of the actor’s inspiration and feeling; realism made the actor’s speech and whole behavior on the stage dependent on the character he portrayed, with all his individual and typical traits. With time, the word “declamation” began to designate a false, stilted manner of speaking. K. Stanislavsky considered declamation to be one of the most flagrant manifestations of vacuity and hyprocrisy in the art of acting.

For a long time, a concert reading of poetry from the stage was called a declamation, with no pejorative connotation. In this sense the term “declamation” was later supplanted by “recitation.”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Burman's edition of the Major Declamations (1720), Warr's translation (1686) and Patarol's edition (1743).
La citta che si cibo dei suoi cadaveri is the gruesome title of the equally gruesome twelfth Major Declamation (Cadaveribus pasti), one of the nineteen highly colourful mock-forensic speeches which have come to us under the name of Quintilian.
(4) Quite likely, but, if true, it makes it very difficult to explain why there is only one declamation left which deals with cannibalism.
The second part of the Introduction, 'Cadaveribus pasti', is the introduction proper to the declamation as a rhetorical feat.
These were declamations he had witnessed as a boy, then written down from memory, many years later, for the benefit of his children.
Moreover, of all the great works of Seneca none, in my opinion, would be more important for scholarship to exist in its entirety than the books of declamations which the Epitome we have declares to have been many.
Scholars themselves will read the "declamations" and "persuasives" which Seneca has gathered from the orators of his day [...] they will be of use to the orator.' (17) As late as 1611 John Brinsley was recommending them for the upper grammar school in his book Ludus Literarius, with the explanation that the declamation is 'a Theame of some matter, which may be controverted and so handled by parts, when one taketh the affirmative part, another the Negative'.
Classicists examine the interaction between rhetoric, law, and ethics in collections of Greek and Latin declamations from the first century BC to the third century AD.
He said that declamations, debates and discussions provided the students a forum for enlightenment of mind and develop leadership qualities in them.
KARACHI -- Students of 23 reputed schools of the metropolis participated in All Karachi Inter-School Declamation Contest held here at Defence Authority SKBZ College on Friday.
In Group A of Declamation Contest, Shahdeer Ali of Defence Authority Public School (O&A Levels) Sea View got the first position, Mobin Arif of Happy Home School secured the second position and Mohsin Ahmed of Defence Authority Model High School, Phase-VII was adjudged third.
of Lausanne) examines Latin declamations, elements of language that were a central element in literary antiquity and the highlight of a rhetorical education but are now receiving little attention.