Decurion


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Decurion

 

(curial), in ancient Rome, a member of the city councils (senates, later called curiae in imperial Rome) in the cities of Italy and the provinces. Members were recruited from among the former city magistrates, and their office was unpaid and conferred for life. They were responsible for city administration, the assessment and collection of taxes (arrears on which they had to make up out of their own personal property), the leasing of town lands, the expenditure of public money, and so on. Their duties also included organizing games and festivals. In the provinces their activities were strictly supervised by the Roman vicegerents. In the early days of the empire the decurion was a member of the highest class in the Italian and provincial cities. As the burden of taxes and duties paid increased during the fourth century A.D., the position of the decurion, who was now called a curial, deteriorated so much that this group endeavored to be deprived of their rank so as to be relieved of their heavy duties. Emperor Constantine issued edicts between 316 and 332 that assigned them to their curiae in perpetuity.

References in periodicals archive ?
One of the four Decurion axioms is that "people are not only means but also ends in themselves.
The vast majority (123 people) were Cossacks (infantry, mounted, and those retired from service)--including several officers (the hundredman Petr Berezkin, fifty-men Afanasii Batoshkov, Dmitrii Burnashov, Iakov Vershinin, Fedor Miasnikov, and the decurion Ivan Belousov).
Landmark Theaters 55 theaters Mark Cuban and 224 screens Todd Wagner of 2929 Entertainment Mann Theaters 8 theaters WF Cinema Holdings 60 screens National Amusements 67 theaters Sumner 920 screens Redstone family Pacific Theaters/ 14 theaters Decurion ArcLight Cinema 186 screens Corp.
The decurion at the head of the column dismounted and presented himself.
Al frente de cada grupo de ninos existia un monitor, tambien conocido como decurion, el cual dominaba los pequenos grupos que le correspondian.
De este modo hablaba con el ex-alcalde Foja: "--Oiga usted, senor decurion retirado, ?
Sin embargo, conviene recordar que el mismo Vergara habia estado contratado por Jose Pescara, quien si bien era en 1814 decurion de Cruz de Piedra, (28) tenia extensas propiedades mas al sur, en Barriales.
But Dr Tomlin has revealed that the seals are also inscribed with the name of the officer in charge, Aemilianus, who was a decurion - a commander of a troop of 30 cavalrymen.
Habia una inmensa carpa que haria las veces de auditorio, rodeada de cientos de tiendas de campana montadas con el riguroso orden del campamento militar romano: la estructura organizacional era a base de decuriones y centuriones, o sea que un decurion encabezaba a un grupo de 10 y un centurion comandaba a 10 decuriones.
14) Los Archinto eran una de las familias mas importantes del Milan medieval, pretendian descender de los reyes lombardos pero no adquirieron relevancia hasta el siglo XIII, en 1277 ya aparecen en la <<Matri cula Nobilium>>, siendo por tanto considerados legalmente como Patrizios de Milan, y sus miembros ocuparon puestos destacados en el gobierno, judicatura, milicia e iglesia de la zona, ocupando desde principios del siglo XIV un puesto practicamente permanente en el Consiglio Generale di Milano y consiguieron ocupar puestos de responsabilidad como los de Senador, Refrerendario, Canciller, Decurion, etc.
Recollecting that his lather was a Roman Decurion, the Italians tried to stake a claim to his nationality, forgetting that the Romans conferred citizenship on their conquered people.
To judge from the houses in which this and similar portraits were found, the couple was not of the elite decurion class, but belonged to that difficult to define group of varying social, economic and cultural statuses recently described by Keith Hopkins as 'sub-elites'.