The top layer incorporates a novel defect cluster
oxide base that features thermodynamically stable interfaces.
By late 1993, CNN and others were seizing upon the alleged Mississippi birth defect cluster
to say that GWS could be inherited.
Materials under radiation of high-energy particles and severe plastic deformation will develop point defects or defect clusters
, which may subsequently evolve into microstructural flaws, such as voids, stacking fault tetrahedra, dislocation loops, or solute segregation [1-6].
Energetic heavy ion irradiations, on the other hand, produce energetic displacement cascades that can lead to direct formation of defect clusters
within isolated displacement cascades, due to more energetic average recoil atom energies (>10 keV) [5, 6].
Farmworkers exposed to pesticides have been the subject of investigations into birth defect clusters
; and miscarriage and birth defect clusters
have been reported among laboratory and hospital workers who use toxic chemicals and gases.