defense mechanism


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defense mechanism,

in psychoanalysis, any of a variety of unconscious personality reactions which the ego uses to protect the conscious mind from threatening feelings and perceptions. Sigmund FreudFreud, Sigmund
, 1856–1939, Austrian psychiatrist, founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Moravia, he lived most of his life in Vienna, receiving his medical degree from the Univ. of Vienna in 1881.

His medical career began with an apprenticeship (1885–86) under J.
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 first used defense as a psychoanalytic term (1894), but he did not break the notion into categories, viewing it as a singular phenomenon of repression. His daughter, Anna FreudFreud, Anna
, 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund Freud, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children.
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, expanded on his theories in the 1930s, distinguishing some of the major defense mechanisms recognized today. Primary defense mechanisms include repression and denialdenial,
in psychology, an ego defense mechanism that operates unconsciously to resolve emotional conflict, and to allay anxiety by refusing to perceive the more unpleasant aspects of external reality.
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, which serve to prevent unacceptable ideas or impulses from entering the conscience. Secondary defense mechanisms—generally appearing as an outgrowth of the primary defense mechanisms—include projection, reaction formation, displacement, sublimation, and isolation.

defense mechanism

[di′fens ‚mek·ə‚niz·əm]
(psychology)
Any psychic device, such as rationalization, denial, or repression, for concealing unacceptable feelings or for protecting oneself against unpleasant feelings, memories, or experiences.
References in periodicals archive ?
The unconscious mind chimes in with ego defense mechanisms, which allow the ego to deal with the anxiety and respond to the stress.
Use of traditional defense mechanisms. Only one study was located that focused on the relationship between traditionally-defined, psychodynamic defense mechanisms and adaptation to coronary disease.
It is important for us to recognize 12 common defense mechanisms, [2] because most of them damage interpersonal relationships:
But the findings add to evidence that "sleep, like fever, may represent a basic host defense mechanism," contend Michael Irwin, a psychiatrist at the San Diego Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and his coworkers.
According to the hypothesis, plant groups that temporarily escape herbivores through a newly evolved defense mechanism accelerate their own ability to diversify, creating a series of related species at a greater-than-normal rate.
Addressing the ceremony, President Arif Alvi remarked that Pakistan Navy is highly capable and equipped with modern defense mechanism to cope with all kinds of threats.
Security expert Chester Cabalza said that a commander-in-chief explaining himself is often read as a 'defense mechanism.'
The bridge apart from boosting the military capacity of India will also enhance the defense mechanism of India against China.
We often believe that only psychiatric patients, especially psychotics use defense mechanisms. The idea is widespread, but it is interesting to know how Defense Mechanism functions on life of people.
That's because of a natural defense mechanism trees use to protect their leaves from drought conditions.
The first lesson we need to draw from this experience is that we have to be cautious about some bold discourse and rhetoric offered as a defense mechanism. I admit that this is a natural defense style.

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