deindustrialization

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deindustrialization

the process in which a previously industrialized or industrializing economy, or society, or region, reverts partly or wholly to a preindustrialized form. This process may occur as the outcome of international economic competition (see DEPENDENCY THEORY, also IMPERIALISM).

To some degree, the process may also occur within developed societies (e.g. the recent regional decline of manufacturing industries such as textiles or shipbuilding in parts of Western Europe). Nor is it simply a recent phenomenon. Rather, it can be seen as a ‘normal’ aspect of the workings of capitalism on an international stage at all phases of its development. According to WALLERSTEIN (1974), societies as different as Poland and India are examples of economies which underwent periods of deindustrialization in the course of the development of the world economy.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
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(2008) suggested that deindustrialising took place in these countries despite the sheer need of strong industrial base because of the MERCOSUR trade agreement, dependency on the United States, inward FD) inflows, military spending and institutional problems.
Long term climate policy is also needed a broader approach which also takes into account consumed or imported emissions in products in the EU to ensure that Europe is not simply decarbonizing by deindustrialising.
The government's problem was not that it was disinterested in Scotland, but that it was ignorant, badly advised, and convinced of the efficacy of economic doctrines that seemed to exacerbate the problems of Scotland's deindustrialising production base.