deindustrialization

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deindustrialization

the process in which a previously industrialized or industrializing economy, or society, or region, reverts partly or wholly to a preindustrialized form. This process may occur as the outcome of international economic competition (see DEPENDENCY THEORY, also IMPERIALISM).

To some degree, the process may also occur within developed societies (e.g. the recent regional decline of manufacturing industries such as textiles or shipbuilding in parts of Western Europe). Nor is it simply a recent phenomenon. Rather, it can be seen as a ‘normal’ aspect of the workings of capitalism on an international stage at all phases of its development. According to WALLERSTEIN (1974), societies as different as Poland and India are examples of economies which underwent periods of deindustrialization in the course of the development of the world economy.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
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The deindustrialized regions, rural areas, small and medium-size towns are less and less dynamic.
Obviously, building the wall and bashing immigrants won't do anything to create jobs and rebuild the deindustrialized parts of America.
The term confinement alludes to a wide range of spaces of exclusion or subordinate inclusion--prisons and jails, immigrant detention centers, homeless shelters, drug rehab programs, deindustrialized urban areas, etc.--charged with the task of containing the surplus populations constantly (reproduced by the neoliberal paradigm of capitalist development: an engine of capital accumulation that is grounded in the widespread criminalization of marginalized social groups as much as in their state-sanctioned neglect across zones of urban containment (Ayuero et al.
White working class folk from the deindustrialized areas in the US got left behind when American manufacturing went East in search of cheap labor.
It concludes that (self-)fragmented, deindustrialized and re-feudalized, rapidly aged rarified and depopulated, (and de-Slavicized) Eastern Europe is probably the least influential region of the world - one of the very few underachievers.
Pittsburgh was chosen as both site and symbol for its "25-year transformation from an industrial economy to a knowledge economy." The conference brought together 300 leading national and international urban and city planners, economic development specialists, and architects to consider the state of efforts to revitalize deindustrialized communities.
Overlapping and adjacent, rebel artists are commandeering Manhattan's deindustrialized downtown, remaking it in their own image.
(1) The wide scope and geographical span of the studies included in this volume allow perspectives beyond the much studied examples of Beijing and Shanghai, bringing us to China's deindustrialized northeast, to the country's southernmost reaches, and to the inland.
The Full Monty (1997) makes similar erasures of deindustrialized men.
Once dismissed as an era in which nothing happened, bracketed on either side by decades in which everything seemed to have happened, scholars now regard the period between 1971 and 1980 as the origins of the globalized, neo-liberal, deindustrialized, rights-conscious world we live in today.
Thus local economies in Japan have been deindustrialized. In our case, building a factory in a region like Iitate in Fukushima is aimed at preserving skilled workers by enhancing their incentive to continue to work for our company and thus our technology capacity will be maintained for the interest of the local economy.
As a result, the adult children of deindustrialized workers (as well as middle-class professionals) often struggle to translate their college and university degrees into secure, well-paid teaching, nursing, policing, and other positions.