The conversion of procyanidins and prodelphinidins to cyanidin and delphinidin
. Phytochemistry 1985;25:223-30.
(12,13) Ayaz reported that delphinidin
, petunidin, and malvidin were the most predominant anthocyanins of V.
Common anthocyanidins found in fruits and vegetables are cyanidin, pelargonidin, delphinidin
, malvidin, petunidin and peonidin, which are having a different number and position of the hydroxyl and methoxyl group substituents (31).
The Anthocyanin Delphinidin
3- Rutinoside Stimulates Glucagon- Like Peptide-1 Secretion in Murine GLUTag Cell Line via the Ca2+/Calmodulin- Dependent Kinase II Pathway.
Two broad peaks between 240 and 340 nm and 480 and 530 nm were observed, which are related to the presence of gallic acid, vanillic acid, hydroxybenzoic acid, caffeic/ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid, coumaric acid, myricetin, quercetin, delphinidin
, and cyanidin [15, 16, 22].
Mastaloudis et al., "Cyanidin and delphinidin
modulate inflammation and altered redox signaling improving insulin resistance in high fat-fed mice," Redox Biology, vol.
Standards of cyanidin (Cy-), delphinidin
(D-), petunidin (Pt-), peonidin (Pe-), and malvidin (Mv-) and their 3-O-glucoside (glc), Cy-3-O-galactoside (Cy-gal), Pt-gal, Pegal, Mv-gal, Cy-arabinoside (Cy-ara), and Cy-rutinoside (Cyrut) were purchased from Polyphenols Laboratory (Sandnes, Norway).
Glycosylation and acylation of the aglycone moieties (mainly six anthocyanidins: pelargonidin, cyanidin, peonidin, delphinidin
, petunidin, and malvidin) by different sugars and acids, at different positions, account for the broad structural diversity of these pigments .
and cyanidin of 3-O-glucoside and 3-O-rutinoside were also previously reported to be the main anthocyanins in blackcurrant berries contributing to more than 80% of the total content of polyphenol compounds [21, 28, 29].
PFP contains acylated glucosides of peonidin, pelargonidin, malvidin, petunidin and delphinidin
. Antioxidant levels in PFPs are about three times higher than those in yellow- or white-fleshed potatoes.
Michaud-Levesque et al., "Delphinidin
, a dietary anthocyanidin, inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 phosphorylation," Carcinogenesis, vol.
DNA interaction with naturally occurring antioxidant flavonoids quercetin, kaempferol, and delphinidin
. J Biomol Struct Dyn 2005;22(6):719-724.