demesne


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demesne

(dĭmān`), land under feudalismfeudalism
, form of political and social organization typical of Western Europe from the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire to the rise of the absolute monarchies. The term feudalism is derived from the Latin feodum,
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 kept by the lord for his own use and occupation as distinguished from that granted to tenants. Initially the demesne lands were worked by the serfs in payment of the feudal debt. As the serfs' labor service came to be commuted to money payments, the demesne lands were often cultivated by paid laborers. Eventually many of the demesne lands were leased out either on a perpetual, and therefore hereditary, or a temporary, and therefore renewable, basis so that many peasants functioned virtually as free proprietors after having paid their fixed rents. In England the term ancient demesne, sometimes shortened to demesne, referred to those lands that were held by the crown at the time (1066) of William the Conqueror and were recorded in the Domesday Book. The term demesne also referred to the demesne of the crown, or royal demesne, which consisted of those lands reserved for the crown at the time of the original distribution of landed property. The royal demesne could be increased, for example, as a result of forfeiture. The lands were managed by stewards of the crown and were not given out in fief.

demesne

All lands belonging to the lord of a manor.

demesne

1. land, esp surrounding a house or manor, retained by the owner for his own use
2. Property law the possession and use of one's own property or land
3. the territory ruled by a state or a sovereign; realm; domain
4. a region or district; domain
References in periodicals archive ?
50 Berryhill, 104 Edlingham Demesne, 103 Birchwood, 101 Braeside, 100 Edlingham Demesne, Char 102 Earsdon Moor.
Nimrah Khan graced the runway for Demesne and the HSY was the showstopper for Royal Tag.
After presenting an understanding of demesne agriculture, Cerman explores agrarian dualism and second serfdom as well as a host of key historiographic issues related to the region and period, including the origin and nature of the demesne economy and the question of economic backwardness (extensive versus intensive cultivation and peasant living standards).
However, Demesne Tornado's trainer, Elaine Parker, can take the other sprint open at 8.
Dale Guiton, 18, and Michael Guiton, 19, both from Demesne Street, Seacombe, were charged with arson with intent to endanger life yesterday.
From academics interested in accessing some of the latest research in the field of historic house, estate and demesne landscape studies, to those involved in the management and running of these houses as educational facilities and tourist attractions, to local and state authorities and the general public this well illustrated, very readable book comes highly recommended.
Barbara Williams, 52, was attacked by a Belgian mastiff at the house where she was a lodger on Demesne Road, Wallington, south London.
Alex Blackburn-Smith had been urgently sought by police following the victim's death last night at a house on Demesne Road, Wallington, south London.
lt;p>The sites include Yorkshire's Fountains Abbey, Corfe Castle in Dorset and Downhill Demesne in Northern Ireland.
Jenny layton of Pontypinna, Vowchurch, an auctioneer with McCartneys, and farmer Richard 'Shandy' Sparey from Demesne Farm, Garway, have used their 30th birthdays to raise pounds 1,832 for Powys air ambulance.
By enfolding the video apparatus into the narrative framework of each piece, Dodge and Kahn use "the motivated camera" to draw attention to means while paradoxically immersing the viewer in the "authenticity" of Lois's fictional demesne.