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demiurge (dĕmˈēûrjˌ) [Gr.,=workman, craftsman], name given by Plato in a mythological passage in the Timaeus to the creator God. In Gnosticism the Demiurge, creator of the material world, was not God but the Archon, or chief of the lowest order of spirits or aeons. According to the Gnostics, the Demiurge was able to endow man only with psyche (sensuous soul)—the pneuma (rational soul) having been added by God. The Gnostics identified the Demiurge with the Jehovah of the Hebrews. In philosophy the term is used to denote a divinity who is the builder of the universe rather than its creator.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the term denoting, in philosophy, the creator of any source; and in theology, god, or the creator of the world. In ancient Greece its chief meaning was social: demiourgoi were the craftmen and merchants in the population, as opposed to the landowning elite (eupatridae), the farmers (geomoroi), and the people involved in free professions, such as doctors, poets, and singers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This interpretation of the demiurgic and world-soul models in the Timaeus is far from traditional, but there is textual support for the supposition that Plato is attempting to resolve human freedom into his thought through the juxtaposition of models.
(9) "Demiurgic," the word Coetzee employs to describe a writer in the quote above comes from "demiurge," deriving from Greek demiourgos via ecclesiastical Latin: craftsman.
The demiurgic fantasy that so embraces the whole Balzacian creation dwindles again and again into the private obsession of one of its creatures: a creature supernatural like Melmoth, visionary like Louis Lambert, gifted like Frenhofer and Claes, crafty like Gobseck and Vautrin, or merely obsessed like Goriot; a creature whose ardent monologues, interpolated as they are into Balzac's own discourse, subvert its authority.
She concludes that perceptibility, corporeality, and geometrical form are all linked in such a way as to explain both the pre-cosmic receptacle and the demiurgic imposition of geometrical form.
Furthermore, the demiurgic (and not simply transformative) power of Coover's projectionist (and writer) is encoded throughout the collection.
it leads the demiurgic power of the soul towards freedom:
For Beiner, despite her demiurgic role in this novel synthesis of the real, the experience of constructing the installation part-by-part led inevitably to a degree of alienation from it--a level of estrangement from the forest through intense focus on the trees.
Both Calypso and Johann Maersk are likewise erotically deformed, but not through willed perversion, rather through the demiurgic machinations of others.
It is not too difficult for most of us to appreciate that the Archons of our world are "the doctors, the lawyers, the venture capitalists, the CEOs, the politicians golfing on the hides of the slain" and that their combined machinations serve to cover up the horrors they have engineered, enforcing upon us an illusion, the "rind of appearances" of a demiurgic world.
Under these circumstances, Mihaies points out, rewriting has become an imperative for the modern writer who cannot apologize for his failures, but cannot remain monologic or demiurgic and prescriptive either (30).