demiurge

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demiurge

(dĕm`ēûrj') [Gr.,=workman, craftsman], name given by Plato in a mythological passage in the Timaeus to the creator God. In GnosticismGnosticism
, dualistic religious and philosophical movement of the late Hellenistic and early Christian eras. The term designates a wide assortment of sects, numerous by the 2d cent. A.D.
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 the Demiurge, creator of the material world, was not God but the Archon, or chief of the lowest order of spirits or aeons. According to the Gnostics, the Demiurge was able to endow man only with psyche (sensuous soul)—the pneuma (rational soul) having been added by God. The Gnostics identified the Demiurge with the Jehovah of the Hebrews. In philosophy the term is used to denote a divinity who is the builder of the universe rather than its creator.

Demiurge

 

the term denoting, in philosophy, the creator of any source; and in theology, god, or the creator of the world. In ancient Greece its chief meaning was social: demiourgoi were the craftmen and merchants in the population, as opposed to the landowning elite (eupatridae), the farmers (geomoroi), and the people involved in free professions, such as doctors, poets, and singers.

References in periodicals archive ?
It appears Heid was working on the fascinating relationship between the Demiurgical Christ of Marcion and the Jewish Antichrist of Christians such as Hippolytus (pp.
Though perhaps a striking rhetorical device for an enfant terrible to use in establishing himself as a presence who wanted others to imagine him as having a trailblazing historic destiny and demiurgical raison d'etre in razing his elders, Derrida's "rupture" was, and is, certainly not "the formless, mute, infant, and terrifying form of monstrosity" (293) tearing down the epistemological structure of the West he would have it to be.
The sociality of that earlier time was demiurgical through and through, and did not pretend that it wanted to move to another, qualitatively different state, of which it hadn't the slightest notion.