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demonetization (dēˌmŏnˌətəzāˈshən), governmental withdrawal of the monetary quality from particular coinage or precious metal. By demonetization former money is no longer legal tender, although in certain cases it may still be used as money of exchange, i.e., the actual metallic value may sometimes be accepted in discharge of indebtedness. However, such was not the case with regard to the demonetization (1933) of U.S. gold. The demonetization law stipulated that gold may not lawfully be used in domestic exchange, although it may be purchased for shipment abroad. Other instances of demonetization were the American conversion (1873) of silver into money of exchange and the similar British conversion (1889) of pre-Victorian gold coins. See money.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the discontinuance by the state of a coin as a legal means of payment and circulating medium. The coin subject to demonetization retains only the value of the amount of metal it contains.

Demonetization is coordinated with a change of the monetary system; for instance, it is conducted when the metal from which the coin was made has depreciated and a new currency metal is introduced. Thus, the depreciation of the value of copper led to demonetization of copper coins. The continuous depreciation of silver in the 19th century compelled almost all countries to demonetize silver coins and introduce gold currency. In 1961 in the USSR, as a result of the change of the price measuring unit and the issue of new paper money, a demonetization was effected: coins of 5 kopeks and higher were removed from circulation, whereas coins of 1, 2, and 3 kopeks preserved their legal purchasing power. Coins of the latter category are used along with new coins of the same denominations.

A demonetization may also be made for political reasons: for example, the demonetization of coins of tsarist mintage in the USSR after the Great October Socialist Revolution.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Demonetization would help to resist tax evasion and to encourage the country towards cashless economy.
Demonetization has also affected the construction and infrastructure sector.
However, in terms of public policy, the execution of this demonetization policy by Modi and Jaitley has been very poor.
The CPI(M) leader Sitaram Yechuri wrote on twitter: "Instead of steadying a sliding Economy, demonetization pushed it further down a dangerous spiral".
During demonetization, where a lot of people required quick financial support, BankBazaar was available just with a click.
The opposition intends to hit the streets over demonetization now even as the deadline of December 30 draws closer.
Anju Grover spoke to Congress Member of Parliament K C Venugopal on logjam in Parliament, opposition's responsibility and ofcourse strategy on demonetization.
New Delhi [India], Sept 1 ( ANI ): The Congress party slammed the government over demonetization, terming the move as "the biggest failure" and added that Prime Minister Narendra Modi should apologize to the people of India.
The Opposition says that demonetization has failed to unearth black money as was being projected by the Modi government.
The flushing out of black money and conversion of the non-formal economy into a formal economy to expand the tax base were among the main objectives of demonetization.
India's economic growth story has become the subject of heated debate in political and economic circles after demonetization. Common people and farmers, agriculture labourers and those working in the informal sector continue to face hardship due to cash crunch.