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measures to purge the state and the sociopolitical and economic life of Germany from the consequences of the fascist regime and to carry out the democratic transformation of the country.

The decisions of the Potsdam Conference of 1945 and the decree of the Allied Control Council in Germany (October 1945) on carrying out denazification provided for the abolition of the National Socialist (Fascist) Party and its branches as well as of organizations under its control; the dissolution of all Nazi institutions and the guarantee that they would never be revived in any form whatsoever; the prevention of any and all Nazi activity or propaganda; the bringing to trial of active Nazis and of persons guilty of war crimes against the world and humanity; the removal of Nazis from all positions; the abolition of fascist legislation; and the removal of Nazi doctrines from the system of public education. The International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg convicted the principal war criminals (the sentences were announced on Sept. 30 and Oct. 1, 1946); it also declared as criminal the leadership of the National Socialist Party, the Gestapo, the SD (Security Service), and the SS.

In the Soviet zone of German occupation the Soviet military administration rendered the German democratic forces all manner of support in carrying out denazification, which was completed in 1948.

In the American, British, and French zones of occupation, denazification was essentially not carried out. The imperialist circles of the USA, Great Britain, and France jointly with West German imperialists actually suspended the execution of denazification. In the self-governing organs of the Western zones of occupation important positions were held by former Nazi officials. Many Nazi criminals in the Western zones were allowed to remain free. The Nazi criminals who were brought to trial were frequently given unreasonably light sentences. It is characteristic that in June 1958 the Allied law on the prohibition of the National Socialist Party was officially abolished in the Federal Republic of Germany. Many former Nazis have joined the National Democratic Party and other neo-Nazi parties and organizations.

The actual suspension of the denazification process was one of the acts of the Western powers directed at reviving reactionary militaristic forces in West Germany.


Niurnbergskii protsess nad glavnymi voennymi prestupnikami. Sb. materialov, vols. 1-7. Moscow, 1957-61.


References in periodicals archive ?
Joint Chiefs of Staff Directive 1067 (JCS 1067), the military directive that informed the American occupation forces in Germany until 1947, specified the aims of the American occupation as denazification, democratization, demilitarization, and economic decentralization.
Thus, from 1945 there was the official deNazification of that country by the Allies and democracy was forced upon the three western sectors.
After fuzzy inference, de-fuzzy is needed to get the accurate value of bandwidth H; this paper adopts centroid method as denazification method to obtain the value of H
A Hegel scholar by training, Gray was also a former soldier who had participated in the Allies's denazification program.
In spite of the postwar denazification, Germans didn't wish to hear of the moral complexity of these postwar weeks and felt betrayed by Anonyma's refusal to make moral judgments along national and ideological lines.
This article will follow those American debates, tracing Oberammergau in the religious rhetoric of religious liberals--Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish--from the American tour of Anton Lang, who portrayed the Chrisms as an ambassador of goodwill in 1923, to the trial of his successor Alois Lang, judged a Nazi follower by a denazification tribunal in 1947.
10) Compare Heefner, supra note 1, at 120 (Truscott's willingness to follow orders), with Ambrose, supra note 7, at 254 (Patton's refusal to follow national denazification policy).
Nuremberg, Denazification and Democracy: The Hate Speech Problem
126) Of course, after the hostilities ended, Heidegger's elitist and authoritarian attitudes drew intense criticism during the denazification process; even Karl Jaspars felt compelled to testify that the "mode of thinking" in his long-time friend was "fundamentally unfree, dictatorial," and unfit for educating a new generation of students, who were still vulnerable and impressionable in post-Nazi Germany.
Like our debaathification in Iraq in 2003, and our denazification inGermany in 1945, these new politicians want to purge the system of anyone who had any connection with the old regime.
Whispers of spiritual sanctimony, hints of social unrest and emotional dissatisfaction float at the edges of the story, while depictions of the assorted JAMES FRY Non-fiction EXORCISING HITLER: THE OCCUPATION AND DENAZIFICATION OF GERMANY by Frederick Taylor (Bloomsbury) pounds 25 GERMANY'S passage out of the darkness of its recent history has been a remarkable one, albeit at times deeply divisive and traumatic.
It is also a powerful outcry against the * Exorcising Hitler: The Occupation And Denazification of Germany, by Frederick Taylor, is published in hardback by Bloomsbury, priced pounds 25.