dengue fever


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

dengue fever

(dĕng`gē, –gā), acute infectious disease caused by four closely related viruses and transmitted by the bite of the female Aedes mosquito; it is also known as breakbone fever and bone-crusher disease. The disease occurs in both epidemic and sporadic form in warm climates (S United States, South America, the E Mediterranean countries, India, and especially SE Asia and the W Pacific). The classic symptoms, following an incubation period of five to eight days, are high fever, chills, severe headache, pain in the joints, pain behind the eyes, rash, sweating, and prostration, but infected persons may experience milder symptoms. Symptoms subside in two to four days, but after a remission lasting from a few hours to two days there is another rise in temperature, and a generalized rash appears. Convalescence is sometimes prolonged, with weakness and low blood pressure.

Dengue hemorrhagic fever, a severe form of the disease, can cause hemorrhage, shock, and encephalitis. It can occur when a person who has acquired immunity to one of the viruses that cause dengue fever is infected by a different dengue virus; antibodies to the first dengue infection apparently work to aid the second virus. It is a leading cause of death among children in Southeast Asia and in recent years has become increasingly prevalent in tropical America. There is no specific treatment for dengue fever except good nursing care. Both diseases can be controlled by eradicating the mosquitoes and destroying their breeding places. The mosquito population also has been controlled through the release of sterile male mosquitoes and the release of mosquitoes infected with bacteria that makes the insects incapable of transmitting viruses.

Dengue fever

[′deŋ·gē ‚fēv·ər]
(medicine)
An infection borne by the Aedes female mosquito, and caused by one of four closely related but antigenically distinct Dengue virus serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4). It starts abruptly after an incubation period of 2-7 days with high fever, severe headache, myalgia, and rash. It is found throughout the tropical and subtropical zones. Also known as break-bone fever.
References in periodicals archive ?
Do you know that symptoms of dengue fever include: Headache, fever, exhaustion, severe muscle and joint pain, swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy), and rash.
In Cambodia, dengue fever has spread mostly in Phnom Penh and the provinces of Kampong Thom, Kandal, Siem Reap, Kampong Cham, Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Preah Sihanouk.
The common symptoms of dengue fever include fever, rash, malaise, nausea, vomiting, and muscle pain.
Dengue fever is a painful, debilitating mosquito borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses.
Historically the dengue fever was considered as "water poison" disease in 265-420 A.D.
This virus was first isolated in 1943 in Japan,4 then at Kolkata India in 19448 and later on in 1960 dengue fever was reported from Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam, Sri Lanka and Malaysia.
The advisory came amidst the increasing cases of dengue fever reported across the globe.
Dengue shocked syndrome is more severe condition of dengue and is associated with depression which occurs during infection in dengue fever patients.
Objective: To study the ocular manifestations associated with dengue fever.
Dengue fever is estimated by the WHO (World Health Organization) to cause about 50-100 million infections per year worldwide.
"Some people don't want to let us into their homes because they say they aren't sure if we are members of the campaign." Speaking to Arab News, he said: "We have special cards that confirm our identities and membership of this campaign." The Ministry of Health and Jeddah Health Affairs department have jointly launched several intensive campaigns against dengue fever with the aim of raising awareness on precautionary measures to be taken and the treatment of the disease.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A 60-year-old man died of dengue fever in Singapore, the second dengue death reported so far this year in the city state.